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A personality and behavioral disorder is an important and defining feature of frontal lobe dementia (FLD) or frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). The diagnosis usually depends on the progressive development of various behavioral symptoms rather than a set of neuropsychological measures. Quantification of the personality-behavior disorder is important for(More)
The open field test (OFT) is a widely used procedure for examining the behavioral effects of drugs and anxiety. Detailed ethological assessments of animal behavior are lacking. Here we present a detailed ethological assessment of the effects of acute treatment with the benzodiazepines, diazepam (DZ, 1.5mg/kg) and chlordiazepoxide (CDP, 5.0 and 10.0mg/kg),(More)
An increasing number of reports have demonstrated a significant effect of extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF MFs) on aspects of animal and human behavior. Recent studies suggest that exposure to ELF MFs affects human brain electrical activity as measured by electroencephalography (EEG), specifically within the alpha frequency (8-13 Hz). Here we(More)
Static and time-varying magnetic fields have been shown to alter animal and human behaviors, such as directional orientation, learning, pain perception (nociception or analgesia) and anxiety-related behaviors. Human volunteers (12 male, 12 female, 18-34 years old) stood on a force plate while within three square magnetic field coil pairs (2, 1.75 and 1.5 m)(More)
Specific weak time varying pulsed magnetic fields (MF) have been shown to alter animal and human behaviors, including pain perception and postural sway. Here we demonstrate an objective assessment of exposure to pulsed MF's on Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Fibromyalgia (FM) patients and healthy controls using standing balance. 15 RA and 15 FM patients were(More)
Neurological disorders are among the most challenging medical problems faced by science today. To treat these disorders more effectively, new technologies are being developed by reviving old ideas such as brain stimulation. This review aims to compile stimulation techniques that are currently in use to explore or treat neurological disorders. Transcranial(More)
We have recently observed that a single exposure of mice to a magnetically shielded environment can attenuate opioid induced analgesia. Here, we report the effect of repeated exposures to the same magnetically shielded environment. Adult male Swiss CD-1 mice were placed in a Mu-metal lined box or an opaque Plexiglas box (sham condition) for 1 h per day for(More)
Magnetic field exposure was consistently found to affect pain inhibition (i.e. analgesia). Recently, we showed that an extreme reduction of the ambient magnetic and electric environment, by mu-metal shielding, also affected stress-induced analgesia (SIA) in C57 mice. Using CD1 mice, we report here the same findings from replication studies performed(More)
Orientation and nociception (pain sensitivity) are affected by exposure to geomagnetic or low frequency (<1,000 Hz) magnetic fields of approximately the earth's field strength, i.e., 50 microT. However, these effects are often dependent on the simultaneous presence of visible light. Recently, it was shown that nociception was affected in mice acutely(More)
Results of prior investigations with opioid peptide mediated antinociception or analgaesia have suggested that these extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field effects are described by a resonance mechanism rather than mechanisms based on either induced currents or magnetite. Here we show that ELF magnetic fields (141-414 microT peak) can, in a manner(More)