Alex W Faber

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Dot1 methylates histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) on the nucleosome core and is involved in Sir protein-mediated silencing. Previous studies suggested that H3K79 methylation within euchromatin prevents nonspecific binding of the Sir proteins, which in turn facilitates binding of the Sir proteins in unmethylated silent chromatin. However, the mechanism by which(More)
We have developed a system for mutational analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal RNA in vivo in which yeast cells can be made completely dependent on mutant rRNA and ribosomes by a simple switch in carbon source. The system is based on a yeast strain defective in RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription [Nogi et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rio2p (encoded by open reading frame Ynl207w) is an essential protein of unknown function that displays significant sequence similarity to Rio1p/Rrp10p. The latter was recently shown to be an evolutionarily conserved, predominantly cytoplasmic serine/threonine kinase whose presence is required for the final cleavage at site D that(More)
Mutational analysis has shown that the integrity of the region in domain III of 25S rRNA that is involved in binding of ribosomal protein L25 is essential for the production of mature 25S rRNA in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, even structural alterations that do not noticeably affect recognition by L25, as measured by an in vitro assay,(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains three nonessential genes (NGL1, NGL2, and NGL3) that encode proteins containing a domain with similarity to a Mg(2+)-dependent endonuclease motif present in the mRNA deadenylase Ccr4p. We have investigated a possible role of these proteins in rRNA processing, because for many of the pre-rRNA processing steps, the identity(More)
Methylation of lysine 79 on histone H3 by Dot1 is required for maintenance of heterochromatin structure in yeast and humans. However, this histone modification occurs predominantly in euchromatin. Thus, Dot1 affects silencing by indirect mechanisms and does not act by the recruitment model commonly proposed for histone modifications. To better understand(More)
Biogenesis of eukaryotic ribosomal subunits proceeds via a series of precursor ribonucleoprotein particles that correspond to different stages in the maturation pathway. The different pre-ribosomal particles each contain a distinct complement of non-ribosomal, trans-acting factors that are crucial for correct and efficient progress of the maturation(More)
Rrp5p is a trans-acting factor important for biogenesis of both the 40S and 60S subunit of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosome. The protein contains 12 tandemly repeated S1 RNA binding motifs in its N-terminal region, suggesting the ability to interact directly with the pre-rRNA. In vitro binding studies, using immunopurified Rrp5p and in vitro(More)
Rrp5p is the only protein so far known to be required for the processing of yeast pre-rRNA at both the early sites A0, A1 and A2 leading to 18S rRNA and at site A3, the first step specific for the pathway leading to 5.8S/25S rRNA. Previous in vivo mutational analysis of Rrp5p demonstrated that the first 8 of its 12 S1 RNA-binding motifs are involved in the(More)
Pre-rRNA processing in eukaryotic cells requires participation of several snoRNPs. These include the highly conserved and abundant U3 snoRNP, which is essential for synthesis of 18S rRNA. Here we report the characterization of Rrp9p, a novel yeast U3 protein, identified via its homology to the human U3-55k protein. Epitope-tagged Rrp9p specifically(More)