Alex Vianey Callado França

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We investigated the frequency of HBsAg clearance and the possible role of viral superinfection in a long-term follow-up of 184 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Our subjects were 184 patients with chronic hepatitis B and the follow-up was 12–216 months (mean 66.2±53.7 months). The investigative methods used were: immunoenzymatic assays for HBV, HCV,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinomas are aggressive tumors with a high dissemination power. An early diagnosis of these tumors is of great importance in order to offer the possibility of curative treatment. For an early diagnosis, abdominal ultrasound and serum alpha-fetoprotein determinations at 6-month intervals are suggested for all patients with cirrhosis of the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive test is higher among patients in dialysis and in kidney recipients than in general population. Hepatitis C virus infection is the main cause of chronic liver disease in renal transplant patients. Liver biopsy and virological analysis were performed to clarify the grade of liver damage in(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency and the clinical characteristics of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) in cirrhotic candidates for orthotopic liver transplantation and to identify the major respiratory parameters predictive of the presence of changes in arterial oxygenation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients underwent transthoracic contrast-enhanced(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether a short course of ceftriaxone was sufficient to cure spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients. Methods. We studied 33 cirrhotic patients with SBP. All of them were treated with ceftriaxone, 1.0 g IV, every 12 h for 5 days. Twenty-one variables were recorded to evaluate their relationship to(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatopulmonary syndrome is characterized by a clinical triad consisting of: 1) hepatic disease and/or portal hypertension, 2) intrapulmonary vascular dilatations, and 3) abnormal arterial oxygenations (partial oxygen pressure <70 mm Hg or an alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient >20 mm Hg). Its frequency varies according to the diagnostic(More)
AIM To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) seroprevalence and its genotypes, and to identify the factors associated with HCV infection. METHODS This cross-sectional study, conducted in two prisons (one male and one female) in the State of Sergipe, Brazil, comprised 422 subjects. All of the prisoners underwent a rapid test for the detection of HCV(More)
This study aims to describe the learning results of the implementation of teaching strategies involving patients who will be submitted to liver transplantation. One of these strategies is to give the patients a manual with orientations and the subsequent application of a questionnaire related to the content of the manual. Authors analyzed 13 patients who(More)
Detection of HBV-DNA by PCR was compared with other serological markers (HBsAG, HBeAg and anti-HBe) in a series of 49 Chronic Hepatitis B patients, including 12 with a spontaneous clearance of HBsAg. None of these HBsAg negative cases were PCR positive, but 33/37 (89.2%) HBsAg positive cases were PCR positive (p < 0.0001). Among HBsAg positive samples, nine(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in comparison to cut needle biopsy (CNB) for the diagnosis of malignancy of focal liver lesions. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis was conducted on 68 FNAB and 49 CNB procedures performed on 62 patients with focal liver lesions. RESULTS Cytology permitted a diagnosis of the(More)