Learn More
We examined the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of 40 prostatectomy specimens from stage T2a/b, early relapse and non-relapse cancer patients, to better understand the relationship between miRNA dysregulation and prostate oncogenesis. Paired analysis was carried out with microdissected, malignant and non-involved areas of each specimen, using(More)
The melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7; approved gene symbol IL24) is a tumor suppressor gene whose expression induces selective apoptosis in tumor cells. To characterize the safety and biologic activity of mda-7 gene transfer, we conducted a phase I trial using intratumoral injections of an adenovirus containing the mda-7 construct (Ad-mda7;(More)
The mda-7 gene (approved gene symbol IL24) is a novel tumor suppressor gene with tumor-apoptotic and immune-activating properties. We completed a Phase I dose-escalation clinical trial, in which a nonreplicating adenoviral construct expressing the mda-7 transgene (INGN 241; Ad-mda7) was administered intratumorally to 22 patients with advanced cancer.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently discovered class of small (approximately 18-24 nt) nucleic acids that negatively regulate gene expression. This novel class of molecules modulates a wide array of growth and differentiation processes in human cancers. High throughput analyses, utilizing the solid phase, array platform, or liquid phase, bead-based(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) M myeloma is a distinct entity with features of multiple myeloma (MM) and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). The malignant cells in IgM myeloma have a distinctive chromosomal translocation that differentiates them from WM. These cells are postgerminal-center in origin with isotype-switch transcripts. They appear to be arrested at a(More)
Despite successes in animal models, cancer gene therapy with small interfering RNAs (siRNA) is hindered by the lack of an optimal delivery platform. We examined the applicability of the replication-competent, oncolytic adenovirus, ONYX-411, to deliver a mutant K-ras siRNA transgene to human cancer cells. Proof-of-principle studies showed an additive tumor(More)
A phase I clinical trial was conducted to determine the clinical safety of Telomelysin, a human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter driven modified oncolytic adenovirus, in patients with advanced solid tumors. A single intratumoral injection (IT) of Telomelysin was administered to three cohorts of patients (1 x 10(10), 1 x 10(11), 1 x 10(12)(More)
ONYX-015 is an adenovirus that selectively replicates in p53 dysfunctional or mutated malignant cells. We performed a pilot trial to determine the safety and feasibility of treatment with ONYX-015 delivered intravenously in patients with advanced malignancy. One cohort of five patients received ONYX-015 once a week for 6 weeks at a dose of 2 x 10(12)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were discovered more than a decade ago as noncoding, single-stranded small RNAs (approximately 22 nucleotides) that control the timed gene expression pattern in Caenorhabditis elegans life cycle. A number of these evolutionarily conserved, endogenous miRNAs have been shown to regulate mammalian cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis.(More)
Although genetically engineered adenoviruses hold promise for the treatment of cancer, clinical trial reports have utilized intratumoral injection to date. To determine the feasibility of intravenous delivery of ONYX-015, an E1B-55kD gene-deleted replication selective adenovirus with demonstrated clinical safety and antitumoral activity following(More)