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We examined the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of 40 prostatectomy specimens from stage T2a/b, early relapse and non-relapse cancer patients, to better understand the relationship between miRNA dysregulation and prostate oncogenesis. Paired analysis was carried out with microdissected, malignant and non-involved areas of each specimen, using(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) M myeloma is a distinct entity with features of multiple myeloma (MM) and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). The malignant cells in IgM myeloma have a distinctive chromosomal translocation that differentiates them from WM. These cells are postgerminal-center in origin with isotype-switch transcripts. They appear to be arrested at a(More)
A phase I clinical trial was conducted to determine the clinical safety of Telomelysin, a human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter driven modified oncolytic adenovirus, in patients with advanced solid tumors. A single intratumoral injection (IT) of Telomelysin was administered to three cohorts of patients (1 x 10(10), 1 x 10(11), 1 x 10(12)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were discovered more than a decade ago as noncoding, single-stranded small RNAs (approximately 22 nucleotides) that control the timed gene expression pattern in Caenorhabditis elegans life cycle. A number of these evolutionarily conserved, endogenous miRNAs have been shown to regulate mammalian cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis.(More)
ONYX-015 is an adenovirus that selectively replicates in p53 dysfunctional or mutated malignant cells. We performed a pilot trial to determine the safety and feasibility of treatment with ONYX-015 delivered intravenously in patients with advanced malignancy. One cohort of five patients received ONYX-015 once a week for 6 weeks at a dose of 2 x 10(12)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently discovered class of small (approximately 18-24 nt) nucleic acids that negatively regulate gene expression. This novel class of molecules modulates a wide array of growth and differentiation processes in human cancers. High throughput analyses, utilizing the solid phase, array platform, or liquid phase, bead-based(More)
The mda-7 gene (approved gene symbol IL24) is a novel tumor suppressor gene with tumor-apoptotic and immune-activating properties. We completed a Phase I dose-escalation clinical trial, in which a nonreplicating adenoviral construct expressing the mda-7 transgene (INGN 241; Ad-mda7) was administered intratumorally to 22 patients with advanced cancer.(More)
3013 Background: Belagenpumatucel-L (Lucanix), a therapeutic vaccine comprised of 4 TGF-β2 antisense gene-modified allogeneic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, was tested in a phase II trial in which subjects with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC received intradermal injections of the vaccine every 4-8 weeks. METHODS We performed 2 cellular immunity(More)
PURPOSE Belagenpumatucel-L is a nonviral gene-based allogeneic tumor cell vaccine that demonstrates enhancement of tumor antigen recognition as a result of transforming growth factor beta-2 inhibition. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a randomized, dose-variable, phase II trial involving stages II, IIIA, IIIB, and IV non-small-cell lung cancer patients.(More)
Tremendous strides have been made in proteogenomics and RNA interference technologies. Hence "personalized" cancer gene therapy has become a foreseeable rather than a predictable reality. Currently, the lack of an optimized, systemic gene delivery vehicle remains a key limiting factor for developing effective treatment applications. Since their introduction(More)