Alex Sparreboom

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In mice, the mdr1a and mdr1b genes encode drug-transporting proteins that can cause multidrug resistance in tumor cells by lowering intracellular drug levels. These P-glycoproteins are also found in various normal tissues such as the intestine. Because mdr1b P-glycoprotein is not detectable in the intestine, mice with a homozygously disrupted mdr1a gene(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the effects of six known allelic variants in the CYP2C8, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 genes on the pharmacokinetics of the anticancer agent paclitaxel (Taxol). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A cohort of 97 Caucasian patients with cancer (median age, 57 years) received paclitaxel as an i.v. infusion (dose range, 80-225 mg/m(2)).(More)
PURPOSE To compare side-by-side the uptake of sorafenib and sunitinib in vitro by human uptake solute carriers of the SLC22A and SLCO families, the transport by and inhibition of efflux ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, and the role of ABCB1 in the plasma pharmacokinetics and brain penetration of these agents. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Uptake of(More)
Cremophor EL (CrEL) is a formulation vehicle used for various poorly-water soluble drugs, including the anticancer agent paclitaxel (Taxol). In contrast to earlier reports, CrEL is not an inert vehicle, but exerts a range of biological effects, some of which have important clinical implications. Its use has been associated with severe anaphylactoid(More)
We have determined the in vitro and in vivo cellular distribution of the antineoplastic agent paclitaxel (Taxol) in human blood and the influence of Cremophor EL (CrEL), the vehicle used for i.v. drug administration. In the absence of CrEL, the blood:plasma concentration ratio was 1.07+/-0.004 (mean+/-SD). The addition of CrEL at concentrations(More)
PURPOSE Many tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) undergo extensive hepatic metabolism, but mechanisms of their hepatocellular uptake remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that liver uptake of TKIs is mediated by the solute carriers OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Transport of crizotinib, dasatinib, gefitinib, imatinib, nilotinib, pazopanib,(More)
Studies in humans and mice have demonstrated a nonlinear pharmacokinetic behavior of paclitaxel. Because of its poor water solubility, the drug is formulated in a mixture of Cremophor EL and ethanol (1:1, v/v; Taxol). We hypothesized that the substantial amounts of concurrently administered Cremophor EL on the disposition of paclitaxel, female FVB mice(More)
PURPOSE To provide recommendations for appropriate cytotoxic chemotherapy dosing for obese adult patients with cancer. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a Panel of experts in medical and gynecologic oncology, clinical pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics, and biostatistics and a patient representative. MEDLINE(More)
Cumulative peripheral neuropathy (PNP) still remains a limitation to optimal treatment with paclitaxel (PAC), especially in more dose-dense schedules. This primary sensory PNP may affect the majority of patients after administration of certain cumulative dosages of PAC, while the exact mechanisms of PAC-induced PNP are not known. While a number of(More)
Interindividual variability in paclitaxel and docetaxel pharmacokinetics, toxicity and response is extensive, and largely unexplained. We hypothesized that this is due to affinity of taxanes for an uptake transporter that indirectly regulates elimination pathways. Here, we studied accumulation of [3H]docetaxel and [3H]paclitaxel in Xenopus laevis oocytes(More)