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Paclitaxel is an antineoplastic agent derived from the bark of the western yew, Taxus brevifolia, with a broad spectrum of activity. Because paclitaxel promotes microtubule assembly, neurotoxicity is one of its side effects. Clinical use of paclitaxel has led to peripheral neuropathy and this has been demonstrated to be dependent upon the dose administered,(More)
PURPOSE The purpose was to explore the relationships between irinotecan disposition and allelic variants of genes coding for adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters and enzymes of putative relevance for irinotecan. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Irinotecan was administered to 65 cancer patients as a 90-min infusion (dose, 200-350 mg/m(2)), and(More)
The organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) regulates uptake of cisplatin in proximal tubules, and inhibition of OCT2 protects against severe cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. However, it remains uncertain whether potent OCT2 inhibitors, such as cimetidine, can influence the antitumor properties and/or disposition of cisplatin. Using an array of preclinical(More)
Capecitabine and docetaxel are both active against a variety of solid tumours, while their toxicity profiles only partly overlap. This phase I study was performed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and side-effects of the combination, and to establish whether there is any pharmacokinetic interaction between the two compounds. Thirty-three(More)
Paclitaxel is an anticancer agent effective for the treatment of breast, ovarian, lung, and head and neck cancer. Because of water insolubility, paclitaxel is formulated with the micelle-forming vehicle Cremophor EL to enhance drug solubility. However, the addition of Cremophor EL results in hypersensitivity reactions, neurotoxicity, and altered(More)
Since the introduction of docetaxel, research has focused on various approaches to overcome treatment limitations and improve outcome. This review discusses the pharmacological attempts at treatment optimisation, which include reducing interindividual pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variability, optimising schedule, route of administration, reversing(More)
Inhibition of intestinal P-glycoprotein might enhance the absorption of orally administered P-glycoprotein substrate drugs. We show here a 10-fold increased oral bioavailability of paclitaxel in mice treated with the P-glycoprotein blocker SDZ PSC 833. These results encourage further research on the development of a clinically useful oral formulation of(More)
The hypothesis was tested that sequence diversity in breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)'s cis-regulatory region is a significant determinant of BCRP expression. The BCRP promoter and intron 1 were resequenced in lymphoblast DNA from the polymorphism discovery resource (PDR) 44 subset. BCRP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in donor(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The accumulation of MTX and its active metabolites, methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPG), in ALL cells is an important determinant of its antileukemic effects. We studied 194 of 356 patients enrolled on St. Jude Total XV protocol for newly diagnosed ALL with(More)
We have shown previously that the terminal disposition half-life of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan, is much longer than earlier thought. Currently, it is not known whether this prolonged exposure has any relevance toward SN-38-induced toxicity. Here, we found that SN-38 concentrations present in human plasma for up to 3 weeks after a single(More)