Alex S Huang

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The atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) have markedly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenias but their use has been hindered by the major weight gain elicited by some AAPDs. We report that orexigenic AAPDs potently and selectively activate hypothalamic AMP-kinase, an action abolished in mice with deletion of histamine H1 receptors. These findings may(More)
Serine racemase (SR), localized to astrocytic glia that ensheathe synapses, converts L-serine to D-serine, an endogenous ligand of the NMDA receptor. We report the activation of SR by glutamate neurotransmission involving alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptors via glutamate receptor interacting protein (GRIP) and the physiologic(More)
The inositol pyrophosphate IP7 (5-diphosphoinositolpentakisphosphate), formed by a family of three inositol hexakisphosphate kinases (IP6Ks), modulates diverse cellular activities. We now report that IP7 is a physiologic inhibitor of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase that regulates glucose homeostasis and protein translation, respectively, via the GSK3β and(More)
D-aspartic acid is abundant in the developing brain. We have identified and cloned mammalian aspartate racemase (DR), which converts L-aspartate to D-aspartate and colocalizes with D-aspartate in the brain and neuroendocrine tissues. Depletion of DR by retrovirus-mediated expression of short-hairpin RNA in newborn neurons of the adult hippocampus elicits(More)
D-aspartate, an abundant D-amino acid enriched in neuroendocrine tissues, can be degraded by D-aspartate oxidase (Ddo). To elucidate the function of D-aspartate, we generated mice with targeted deletion of Ddo (Ddo(-/-)) and observe massive but selective augmentations of D-aspartate in various tissues. The pituitary intermediate lobe, normally devoid of(More)
PURPOSE In situ 2-photon excitation fluorescence (TPEF) of the human trabecular meshwork (TM) reveals beams of heterogeneous autofluorescence (AF) comprising high intensity fluorescent fibers (AF-high) on a background of lower intensity fluorescence (AF-low). To determine the sources of this AF heterogeneity, we imaged human TM to characterize AF, second(More)
D-Enantiomer amino acids, endogenously synthesized and degraded in mammals, participate in multiple developmental and physiological processes. We characterize both d-aspartate and its degradative enzyme (d-aspartate oxidase) in post-natal mouse retina. d-Aspartate attains a developmental peak of 886 nmol/g dry weight at 1-2 weeks post-natal while(More)
D-serine and D-aspartate are important regulators of mammalian physiology. D-aspartate is found in nervous and endocrine tissue, specifically in hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei, pituitary, and adrenal medullary cells. Endogenous D-aspartate is selectively degraded by D-aspartate oxidase. We previously reported that adult male mice lacking(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of infancy and early childhood characterized by high fever, rash, mucositis, lymphadenopathy and coronary artery damage. Large epidemics have been described in Japan and the United States and the number of cases reported annually is steadily increasing. The aetiology of KD is unknown. During the acute phase of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate optic nerve vascular density using swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with early primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), pre-perimetric glaucoma and normal eyes. METHODS This is a prospective, observational study including 56 eyes in total and divided into 3 groups; 20 eyes with mild POAG, 20(More)