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To determine the extent that different dopamine (DA) neuronal markers provide similar estimates of striatal (caudate and putamen) DA nerve terminal loss in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), we compared, in postmortem striatum of 12 patients with PD and 10 matched controls, levels of five different DA neuronal markers. These markers included DA itself,(More)
Parkinson syndrome (PS) is a common disorder in the North American population. The annual incidence rate is 20.5/100,000 population and the mean survival after onset is approximately 12.3 years. The estimated prevalence rate is about 300/100,000 population. The incidence and prevalence rates rise with advancing age. Both the widespread use of levodopa and(More)
Despite its being one of the most commonly observed neurological disorders, neuropathological studies of essential tremor (ET) are rare. There have been surprisingly few autopsy studies and even fewer case-control comparisons. The primary objective was to describe and quantify the pathological changes in 33 ET and 21 control brains. A secondary objective(More)
A recent demonstration of markedly reduced (-50%) activity of cytochrome oxidase (CO; complex 4), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial enzyme transport chain, in platelets of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) suggested the possibility of a systemic and etiologically fundamental CO defect in AD. To determine whether a CO deficiency occurs in AD(More)
To examine the possible causal contribution of normal or accelerated aging to the neurodegenerative process of Parkinson's disease, we measured the influence of aging on subregional striatal dopamine and homovanillic acid levels in postmortem brain of 23 neurologically and psychiatrically normal human subjects 14-92 years old. We observed a significant(More)
Lrrk2 G2019S is predominantly associated with alpha-synuclein-immunopositive Lewy body pathology. We have identified Family SK where Lrrk2 G2019S segregates with slowly progressive parkinsonism and the affected proband has tau-immunopositive neurofibrillary tangle pathology. Thus alpha-synucleinopathy and tauopathy, the predominant pathologies associated(More)
We report the first neuropathological and neurochemical study of a patient with dopa-responsive dystonia. She had onset of foot dystonia at age 5 years and by age 8 years it was generalized with prominent right leg and arm involvement. On levodopa 750 mg daily she had complete symptomatic improvement that was sustained for 11 years until death. Pathological(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) may be akinetic/rigid, be tremor dominant, or have comparable severity of these motor symptoms (classic). The pathophysiologic basis of different PD phenotypes is unknown. This study assessed pallidal and striatal dopamine level patterns in different motor subgroups of PD and normal control brains. METHODS(More)
Amantadine has been used for more than 20 years in the symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Several recent discoveries suggest that amantadine could also have a neuroprotective effect in PD. We studied survival in all parkinsonism (including PD and other parkinsonian syndromes) patients attending a single clinic, employing standard survival(More)