Alex P. Vassilev

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Activation of p53-mediated transcription is a critical cellular response to DNA damage. p53 stability and site-specific DNA-binding activity and, therefore, transcriptional activity, are modulated by post-translational modifications including phosphorylation and acetylation. Here we show that p53 is acetylated in vitro at separate sites by two different(More)
Mammals express four highly conserved TEAD/TEF transcription factors that bind the same DNA sequence, but serve different functions during development. TEAD-2/TEF-4 protein purified from mouse cells was associated predominantly with a novel TEAD-binding domain at the amino terminus of YAP65, a powerful transcriptional coactivator. YAP65 interacted(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) transcriptional activation is mediated by the viral transactivator, Tax, and three 21-bp repeats (Tax response element [TxRE]) located in the U3 region of the viral long terminal repeat (LTR). Each TxRE contains a core cyclic AMP response element (CRE) flanked by 5' G-rich and 3' C-rich sequences. The TxRE(More)
A number of transcriptional coactivators possess intrinsic histone acetylase activity, providing a direct link between hyperacetylated chromatin and transcriptional activation. We have determined the core histone residues acetylated in vitro by recombinant p300 and PCAF within mononucleosomes. p300 specifically acetylates all sites of histones H2A and H2B(More)
The human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type (HTLV)-1 trans-activator, Tax, coordinates with cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) and the transcriptional co-activators p300/CBP on three 21-base pair repeat elements in the proviral long terminal repeat (LTR) to promote viral mRNA transcription. Recruitment of p300/CBP to the activator-enhancer(More)
During organogenesis, neural and mesenchymal progenitor cells give rise to many cell lineages, but their molecular requirements for self-renewal and lineage decisions are incompletely understood. In this study, we show that their survival critically relies on the redundantly acting SoxC transcription factors Sox4, Sox11 and Sox12. The more SoxC alleles that(More)
The X-ray structure of a canonical GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase (GNAT), Serratia marcescens aminoglycoside 3-N-acetyltransferase, bound to coenzyme A (CoA) has been determined at 2.3 A resolution. The single domain alpha/beta protein resembles a cupped right hand wrapped around a cylinder and consists of a highly curved, six-stranded beta sheet of mixed(More)
The levels and distribution of ubiquitinated histone H2A (uH2A) have been studied in normal and transformed human cells using a monoclonal antibody (mAb E6C5) that reacts specifically with this ubiquitin conjugate as determined by two-dimensional gel western blotting and microsequencing. Immunoblotting experiments demonstrated that the levels of the protein(More)
Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) play important roles in the regulation of gene expression. In this report, we describe the design, synthesis, and application of peptide CoA conjugates as selective HAT inhibitors for the transcriptional coactivators p300 and PCAF. Two inhibitors (Lys-CoA for p300 and H3-CoA-20 for PCAF) were found to be potent (IC(50)(More)
The eukaryotic origin recognition complex (ORC) selects the genomic sites where prereplication complexes are assembled and DNA replication begins. In proliferating mammalian cells, ORC activity appears to be regulated by reducing the affinity of the Orc1 subunit for chromatin during S phase and then preventing reformation of a stable ORC-chromatin complex(More)