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  • A F Mak
  • 1986
Articular cartilage was modeled rheologically as a biphasic poroviscoelastic material. A specific integral-type linear viscoelastic model was used to describe the constitutive relation of the collagen-proteoglycan matrix in shear. For bulk deformation, the matrix was assumed either to be linearly elastic, or viscoelastic with an identical reduced relaxation(More)
In vivo indentation properties of the residual limb tissues of a group of senior subjects with below-knee (BK) amputation were measured and compared with those of nondisabled young adults. It was found that differences attributable to site variations, states of muscular activity, and the differences between the nondisabled young group and the group(More)
A biphasic poroviscoelastic theory was used to analyze the unconfined compression creep and stress relaxation of a hydrated viscoelastic tissue. The intrinsic shear properties of the tissue matrix was described by an integral-type viscoelastic constitutive law while the intrinsic bulk property of the matrix was assumed to be linearly elastic. Parametric(More)
Existing theories for interstitial flows in bone have only examined the contributions from different flow systems separately, such as the flows through the microporosity, the canaliculi, and the Haversian canals. An overall model encompassing the hierarchical microstructure is important to our understanding of the actual physics of flows in bone. The(More)
Bone is a very dynamic tissue capable of modiA,fing its composition, microstructure, and overall geometry in response to the changing biomechanical needs. Streaming potential has been hypothesized as a mechanotransduction mechanism that may allow osteocytes to sense their biomechanical environment. A correct understanding of the mechanism for streaming(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare the difference in voluntary upper extremity movements between subjects with and without spasticity. Eight normal subjects (mean 26.7 +/- 2.8 years, four males and four females) and seven subjects with spasticity (mean 25.9 +/- 4.3 years, three males and four females) were involved in this study. The(More)
The sensorimotor performance of the knee joint in 31 subjects who had undergone unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction at least 5 months previously was tested under three bracing conditions, 1) the DonJoy Legend brace, 2) a mechanical placebo brace, and 3) no brace, in random order. The accuracy of the subjects' ability to reproduce specified(More)
A layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue on a bony substratum was modeled as a homogeneous layer of biphasic poroelastic material with uniform thickness. The epidermal surface and the bony interface were taken to be impervious. The soft tissue on the bony interface was assumed either fully adhered or completely free to slide on the bone. The cases for(More)