Alex M Cherkashin

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The purpose of this investigation was to elucidate the biology of distraction osteogenesis during mandibular widening. Midsymphyseal vertical interdental osteotomies were performed in nine Macaca mulatta monkeys. After a latency period a tooth-borne appliance was activated at a rate of 0.5 mm twice a day for 7-10 days. The appliance was then stabilized for(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histologic changes within the condyle in response to mandibular widening using osteodistraction. Mandibular midline osteotomies were made in nine Macaca mulatta monkeys and tooth-borne distraction devices were bonded to the mandibular dentition. Distraction was continued until a 3-5 mm widening was achieved. The(More)
Although orthognathic surgery has gained a generalized acceptance for maxillomandibular deformity correction, several limitations are associated with acute advancement of osteotomized bone segments. Furthermore, large skeletal discrepancies, such as those seen in syndromic patients, require such extensive bone movements that the surrounding soft tissues(More)
PURPOSE It has been previously demonstrated that distractors placed parallel to the mandible in the transverse plane, without regard to the vector of distraction create lateral displacement tendencies at the appliance-bone interface, leading to potential clinical problems and complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical effects(More)
PURPOSE Previous reports suggest that device orientation may be one of the most important parameters affecting the successful application of osteodistraction. However, only computer models or cadaver mandibles have been used to investigate the biomechanical effects of device orientation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Therefore, the purpose of(More)
BACKGROUND Absent lateral osseous structures in congenital fibular deficiency, including the distal femur and fibula, have led some authors to refer to the nature of foot ray deficiency as "lateral" as well. Others have suggested that the ray deficiency is in the central portion of the midfoot and forefoot.We sought to determine whether cuboid preservation(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric limb reconstruction using circular external fixation is a prolonged treatment that interrupts patients' daily function. Patient personality characteristics and expectations may interfere with planned treatment, making complicated medical procedures more challenging. The aims of this study are to identify factors impacting treatment(More)
We undertook a retrospective analysis of 306 procedures on 233 patients, with a mean age of 12 years (1 to 21), in order to evaluate the use of somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring for the early detection of nerve compromise during external fixation procedures for limb lengthening and correction of deformity. Significant SSEP changes(More)
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