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Using in situ hybridisation histochemistry in combination with patch-clamp recordings and specific pharmacological tools, the molecular nature of the channels underlying Ca2+-dependent K+ currents was determined in dorsal vagal neurones (DVNs) of rat brainstem slices. In situ hybridisation analysis at cellular resolution revealed the presence of(More)
In hippocampal slices from rats, dialysis with rhodamine-123 (Rh-123) and/or fura-2 via the patch electrode allowed monitoring of mitochondrial potential (DeltaPsi) changes and intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) of CA1 pyramidal neurons. Plasmalemmal depolarization to 0 mV caused a mean [Ca(2+)](i) rise of 300 nM and increased Rh-123 fluorescence signal(More)
Ca(2+) imaging and (perforated) patch recording were used to analyze the mechanism of GABA- and glycine-induced depolarizations in lumbar motoneurons of spinal cord slices from fetal rats. In fura-2 ester-loaded cells, the agonist-induced depolarizations increased [Ca(2+)](i) by up to 100 nm. The GABA- and glycine-evoked [Ca(2+)](i) transients were(More)
Whole cell recordings of fura-2 dialyzed vagal neurons of brain stem slices were used to monitor interstitial glutamate accumulation within the dorsal vagal complex. Anoxia produced a sustained outward current (60 pA) and a moderate [Ca(2+)](i) rise (40 nM). These responses were neither mimicked by [1S,3R]-1-aminocyclo-pentane-1, 3-dicarboxylic acid nor(More)
Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) was fluorometrically measured with fura-2 in lumbar motoneurons of acutely isolated spinal cord slices from embryonic rats. In ester-loaded cells, bath-applied glutamate (3 microM to 1 mM) evoked a [Ca(2+)](i) increase by up to 250 nM that was abolished by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) plus(More)
Intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and membrane properties were measured in fura-2 dialysed dorsal vagal neurons (DVN) spontaneously active at a frequency of 0.5-5 Hz. [Ca2+]i increased by about 30 nm upon rising spike frequency by more than 200% due to 20-50 pA current pulses or 10 micrometer serotonin. It fell by 30 nm upon block of spiking by(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to define the prevalence of definitive end-states and their determinants in children with double-outlet right ventricle. METHODS We performed a clinical record review of 393 children with double-outlet right ventricle presenting to our institution from 1980 to 2000. RESULTS Double-outlet right ventricle classification was as follows:(More)
Adrenoceptors were among the first neurotransmitter receptors identified in glial cells, but it is not known whether these receptors meditate glial responses during neuronal activity. We show that repetitive nerve activity evoked a rise of intracellular calcium in Bergmann glia and neighboring Purkinje neurons of cerebellar slices of mice. The glial but not(More)
The cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was measured from Purkinje neurons in acutely prepared cerebellar slices. Neurons were loaded with calcium indicator Fura-2 by 40-min slice incubation in Tyrode solution containing 5 microM Fura-2/AM and 0.02% pluronic-F127. Bath applications of ATP (100 microM), epinephrine (10 microM) and histamine (100(More)
The contribution of subclasses of K(+) channels to the response of mammalian neurons to anoxia is not yet clear. We investigated the role of ATP-sensitive (K(ATP)) and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents (small conductance, SK, big conductance, BK) in mediating the effects of chemical anoxia by cyanide, as determined by electrophysiological analysis and(More)