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BACKGROUND Effective national and global HIV responses require a significant expansion of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) to expand access to prevention and care. Facility-based HTC, while essential, is unlikely to meet national and global targets on its own. This article systematically reviews the evidence for community-based HTC. METHODS AND FINDINGS(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to test the ability of an antiserum to vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor to inhibit postoperative adhesion formation in a murine model. STUDY DESIGN After a standardized peritoneal injury, 28 Balb/c mice were randomized and treated intraperitoneally with either vascular permeability factor antiserum(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinicopathologic variables that are important for predicting residual dysplasia after cervical conization or the loop electroexcisional procedure. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review of 80 cases was performed on patients with squamous dysplasia in the conization specimen, endocervical curettage (ECC) performed immediately after(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the blood flow characteristics of the uterine artery and intratumoral vessels in patients with GTD. Twelve patients with GTD were evaluated with TVS, and 11 also had CFD sonography performed. Spectral analysis of both uterine artery and samples intratumoral and intramyometrial vessels revealed systolic frequencies and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess flow characteristics of benign and malignant gynecologic tumors by transvaginal color flow Doppler. METHODS Records of the Ultrasound Laboratory, Women's Cancer Center, University of Minnesota were analyzed retrospectively. Gray scale findings were recorded as either "diagnostic" or "nondiagnostic." Color flow assessment was performed(More)
OBJECTIVES The effect of alternative methods of placental delivery at cesarean section on blood loss has not been reported. The hypothesis of this study was that spontaneous expulsion of the placenta would reduce operative blood loss, compared with that of manual extraction during cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN We prospectively randomized and compared(More)
This series reports the outcomes and significant complications associated with the rectus myocutaneous flap when used for pelvic or inguinal reconstruction in patients with gynecologic cancers. Perioperative variables were retrospectively reviewed to identify social and medical risk factors as well as intraoperative and postoperative complications that(More)
Since our publication, which first defined the malignant potential of placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT), we have had a keen interest in this rare, unique entity. This histologic entity is noted by its monomorphic population of trophoblast-like cells which are classified as originating in the intermediate trophoblast. These cells contain hymman(More)
This investigation was undertaken to determine if the accuracy of the ultrasound assessment of abnormal amniotic fluid volume (oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios) is improved by employing multiple sonographic amniotic fluid measurements. Four ultrasound techniques consisting of the subjective assessment (ultrasonic visualization without measurement), largest(More)