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Walker Lake is a monomictic, nitrogen-limited, terminal lake located in western Nevada. It is one of only eight large (Area>100 km2, Z { mean}>15 m) saline lakes of moderate salinity (3–20 g l−1) worldwide, and one of the few to support an endemic trout fishery (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi). As a result of anthropogenic desiccation, between 1882 and 1996(More)
Planktonic algae are not abundant in the brackish waters of San Francisco Bay-estuary (mean chlorophyll a 5 µg 1−1), despite the high level of nutrients usually present due to the input of treated sewage from 3 million people. Macroalgae (seaweeds) are sometimes locally abundant in the Bay. Phytoplankton are abundant (chlorophyll a > 50 µg 1−1) and seaweeds(More)
Nitrogen fixation by blue-green algae in highly eutrophic Clear Lake, California, was severely inhibited by trace amounts of copper. The chelation capacity of the lake is probably saturated by indigenous copper. Additions were only 1/200 of those normally used in algal control. Since nitrogen fixation provides half of the lake's annual nitrogen budget,(More)
Although one potential drawback of wetland construction and restoration is the formation of monomethylmercury, it may be possible to decrease net mercury methylation with the use of an appropriate sediment amendment. Using pure cultures of the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfobulbus propionicus (1pr3), we tested the hypothesis that adding ferrous iron to(More)
Resistance to contaminants is an important yet unmeasured factor in sediment toxicity tests. The rate at which mercury resistance develops and its genetic persistence in the oligochaete worm Tubifex tubifex were studied under laboratory conditions. Worms were raised for four generations under two different sediment treatments, one reference clean sediment,(More)
Mercury contamination has become a problem in many San Francisco Bay Area watersheds due to its elevated presence in sediments and aquatic organisms. The present study used laboratory lethal toxicity (LC50) tests to examine the mercury tolerance of aquatic oligochaete worms, Sparganophilus pearsei, from contaminated and uncontaminated areas. The(More)
Real-time models contend that a conditioned stimulus (CS) gives rise to a cascade of hypothetical stimuli that govern conditioned responses (CRs) on a moment-by-moment basis. Experiments with the rabbit nictitating membrane response successfully extended these models to external stimuli. CSs were trained in sequence with an unconditioned stimulus(More)
Due to the increased popularity of zooplankton toxicity tests, it is important to investigate potential confounding factors. Though zooplankton food has been studied extensively to meet the nutritional needs of the zooplankton, less research has been done on whether food addition reduces the toxicity of metals in the tested sample. This investigation(More)
Treatment wetlands have become an attractive option for the removal of nutrients from municipal wastewater effluents due to their low energy requirements and operational costs, as well as the ancillary benefits they provide, including creating aesthetically appealing spaces and wildlife habitats. Treatment wetlands also hold promise as a means of removing(More)