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In this study we evaluate the expression of all members of the class 3 semaphorins and their receptor components following complete transection and contusion lesions of the adult rat spinal cord. Following both types of lesions the expression of all class 3 semaphorins is induced in fibroblast in the neural scar. The distribution of semaphorin-positive(More)
During development, neurotrophic factors play an important role in the guidance and outgrowth of axons. Our working hypothesis is that neurotrophic factors involved in the development of axons of a particular CNS tract are among the most promising candidates for stimulating and directing the regrowth of fibers of this tract in the lesioned adult animal. The(More)
To date, most research performed in the area of spinal cord injury focuses on treatments designed to either prevent spreading lesion (secondary injury) or to enhance outgrowth of long descending and ascending fiber tracts around or through the lesion. In the last decade, however, several authors have shown that it is possible to enhance locomotor function(More)
OBJECTIVE Melanocortins, peptides related to melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and corticotropin (ACTH), exhibit neurotrophic and neuroprotective activity in several established models of peripheral and central nervous system damage. The beneficial effects of melanocortins on functional recovery after experimental brain damage and central demyelinating(More)
Analysis of locomotion is an important tool in the study of peripheral and central nervous system damage. Most locomotor scoring systems in rodents are based either upon open field locomotion assessment, for example, the BBB score or upon foot print analysis. The former yields a semiquantitative description of locomotion as a whole, whereas the latter(More)
We studied the effect of local application of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on functional recovery after dorsal spinal cord transection in the adult rat. BDNF was applied at the site of the lesion in rat tail collagen type I. Locomotion was measured for 4 weeks using the BBB locomotor rating scale. One day after injury and application of BDNF the(More)
To date, relatively little progress has been made in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI)-related neurological impairments. Until now, methylprednisolone (MP) is the only agent with clinically proven beneficial effect on functional outcome after SCI. Although the mechanism of action is not completely clear, experimental data point to protection against(More)
Melanocortins, peptides related to alpha-melanocortin-stimulating hormone (alpha MSH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), are known to improve axonal regeneration following peripheral nerve injury and stimulate neurite outgrowth from central nervous system (CNS) neurons both in vitro and in vivo. The neurite outgrowth promoting capacity of alpha MSH has(More)
RC3 (neurogranin; BICKS) is a neuron-specific calmodulin-binding protein kinase C substrate. Thus far, immunohistochemical studies on the localization of RC3 revealed its presence in all neuronal phenotypes, which were restricted to specific areas in the neostriatum, the neocortex, and the hippocampus. RC3 was mostly found in cell bodies and dendrites, with(More)
We have recently shown that enriched environment (EE) housing significantly enhances locomotor recovery following spinal cord contusion injury (SCI) in rats. As the type and intensity of locomotor training with EE housing are rather poorly characterized, we decided to compare the effectiveness of EE housing with that of voluntary wheel running, the latter(More)