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We present a statistical mechanics treatment of the stability of globular proteins which takes explicitly into account the coupling between the protein and water degrees of freedom. This allows us to describe both the cold and the warm unfolding, thus qualitatively reproducing the known thermodynamics of proteins. The folded conformation of globular(More)
Thermodynamic measurements of proteins indicate that the folding to the native state takes place either through stable intermediates or through a two-state process without intermediates. The rather short folding times of proteins indicate that folding is guided through some sequence of contact bindings. We discuss the possibility of reconciling a two-state(More)
We study the size distribution of power blackouts for the Norwe-gian and North American power grids. We find that for both systems the size distribution follows power laws with exponents −1.65 ± 0.05 and −2.0 ± 0.1 respectively. We then present a model with global redistribution of the load when a link in the system fails which reproduces the power law from(More)
The statistics of damage avalanches during a failure process typically follows a power law. When these avalanches are recorded only near the point at which the system fails catastrophically, one finds that the power law has an exponent which is different from that one finds if the recording of events starts away from the vicinity of catastrophic failure. We(More)
We review a statistical mechanics treatment of the stability of globular proteins based on a simple model Hamiltonian taking into account protein self interactions and protein-water interactions. The model contains both hot and cold folding transitions. In addition it predicts a critical point at a given temperature and chemical potential of the surrounding(More)
We refine a protein model that reproduces fundamental aspects of protein thermodynamics. The model exhibits two transitions, hot and cold unfolding. The number of relevant parameters is reduced to three: (1) binding energy of folding relative to the orientational energy of bound water, (2) ratio of degrees of freedom between the folded and unfolded protein(More)
The network formed by ridges in a straightened sheet of crumpled paper is studied using a laser profilometer. Square sheets of paper were crumpled into balls, unfolded, and their height profile measured. From these profiles the imposed ridges were extracted as networks. Nodes were defined as intersections between ridges, and links as the various ridges(More)
We propose a many-particle-inspired theory for granular outflows from a hopper and for the escape dynamics through a bottleneck based on a continuity equation in polar coordinates. If the inflow is below the maximum outflow, we find an asymptotic stationary solution. If the inflow is above this value, we observe queue formation, which can be described by a(More)
The fiber bundle model describes a collection of elastic fibers under load. The fibers fail sucessively and for each failure, the load distribution among the surviving fibers changes. Even though very simple, this model captures the essentials of failure processes in a large number of materials and settings. We present here a review of the fiber bundle(More)