Alex Förster

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We analyzed the phenomenon of transient regional diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) hyperintensity in a series of status epilepticus (SE) patients with respect to seizure type, epileptogenic lesions and EEG findings. A prospective series of 54 patients (30 men, 24 women, mean age 61.5 years) admitted with SE was analyzed with regard to clinical semiology, EEG and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Reports of ischemic stroke affecting the hippocampus are rare. In this study we used diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) to characterize patients with posterior circulation stroke involving the hippocampus. METHODS Fifty-seven consecutive acute stroke patients with hippocampal infarct (HI) on DWI were analyzed with regard to clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography can be used to assess retinal degeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS). Thinning of the retinal nerve fibre layer and macular thickness have been well characterized, but newer devices allow quantification of all retinal layers. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the thickness of the paramacular(More)
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) and extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM) are rare neurological disorders characterized by demyelination in and/or outside the pons. Whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) might facilitate an earlier diagnosis has not yet been studied systematically. We describe demographics, clinical presentation, and early magnetic resonance(More)
Since decision-making for thrombolysis in acute stroke settings is restricted to a limited time window and based on clinical assessment and CT findings only, thrombolysis is sometimes applied to patients with a final diagnosis other than a stroke. From a prospectively collected stroke/MRI data bank (2004–2010) with 648 suspected ischemic stroke patients(More)
In an endoscopic population screening study for colorectal polyps among 200 men and 200 women, 50-59 years of age, 215 polyps less than 5 mm in diameter were left in situ for the present 2-year follow-up examination. The attendance rate was 102 of 106 (96%) for polyp patients and 77 of 90 (86%) in the control group. Of 194 polyps, 143 (74%) in the 102(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI studies have focused on newly developing MS lesions to characterize the early pathology of the disease. DWI is highly sensitive to acute and chronic tissue changes in MS. We characterized the development of acute MS lesions by using DWI in a multiparametric MRI protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-two consecutive patients(More)
Age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) appear to correspond to a continuum from normal functioning to clinically overt neurological syndromes. Disturbance of the structural integrity of cerebral fibre tracts—the so-called cerebral network—by ARWMC might be one explanation for this development. From 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of 34 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Recovery from stroke is presumed to be a function of a widespread cerebral network. Chronic white matter lesions (WML) have been proposed to be a predictor of poor outcome after acute stroke. We tested the hypothesis that the extent of WML has an effect on functional recovery in acute pontine stroke by disrupting the integrity of the(More)
Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD) is a rare dilatative arteriopathy predominantly affecting the basilar artery (BA) and vertebral arteries. Until today, the value of computed tomography (CT)/CT angiography (CTA) compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/time-of-flight MR angiography (TOF-MRA) has not been studied systematically. We (1) compare CTA(More)