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Pimozide was compared with carbamazepine in a double-blind crossover trial in 48 patients with trigeminal neuralgia who were refractory to medical therapy. Pimozide treatment produced greater reduction in trigeminal neuralgia symptoms than carbamazepine treatment. All of the pimozide-treated patients improved, while only 56% of carbamazepine-treated(More)
Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (A), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (pS), free serotonin (fS), cortisol (CRT), growth hormone (GH), peripheral blood lymphocytes (lymph), lymphocyte subpopulations (LSS) and CD4/CD8 ratio were serially assessed in 50 non-medicated, advanced cancer patients (spontaneous evolution) and in age- and sex-paired controls.(More)
Buspirone is an anxiolytic drug which exerts several central effects. It antagonizes presynaptic inhibitory DA2 autoreceptors at dopaminergic neurons and acts as an agonist for 5-HT1A inhibitor autoreceptors at serotonergic cells. Thus, buspirone respectively enhances and depresses the firing rates of both type of neurons. At doses which correlate with(More)
Dysthymic depressed patients showed platelet-serotonin (pS) + plasma-free serotonin values greater than normal as well as plasma noradrenaline values lower than normal during supine resting period (0'). Conversely, no significant differences were observed in the 0' values of any other of the measured parameters: systolic, diastolic and differential blood(More)
Major depressed patients showed greater heart rate, noradrenaline, and free-serotonin values than normal. Conversely, platelet-serotonin values in major depressed patients were significantly lower than normal. Patients registered the normal differential blood pressure reduction during orthostasis. They also revealed progressive and significantly higher(More)
Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Ad), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (p5HT), free serotonin (f5HT), glucose, heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were measured before and after an oral load of glucose (OGTT) in 100 normal humans. One sham-feeding test was performed in every subject 2-3 weeks before OGTT. Aside from glucose rise, significant(More)
Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), norepinephrine (NE) plasma levels, cortisol (CRT), growth hormone (GH), and prolactin (PRL) plasma levels were investigated in 26 high intestinal tone (high-IT) and 24 low intestinal tone (low-IT) depressed patients, before and after the intramuscular injection of clonidine (2.5 micrograms/kg).(More)
We investigated the changes of circulating neurotransmitters during the wake-sleep cycle in order to find possible correlations with the activity of central neurocircuitry functioning. Noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Ad), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (p-5HT), plasma serotonin (f-5HT) and plasma tryptophan (TRP) were assessed during the morning (supine(More)