Learn More
Pimozide was compared with carbamazepine in a double-blind crossover trial in 48 patients with trigeminal neuralgia who were refractory to medical therapy. Pimozide treatment produced greater reduction in trigeminal neuralgia symptoms than carbamazepine treatment. All of the pimozide-treated patients improved, while only 56% of carbamazepine-treated(More)
In the present 30-week, double-blind study of 45 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients treated with prednisone, sulfasalazine, clonidine, or placebo, we found that clonidine (an alpha 2 agonist) and prednisone were effective in treating idiopathic UC. Both drugs were more effective than sulfasalazine. Furthermore, clonidine potentiated prednisone and(More)
Dysthymic depressed patients showed platelet-serotonin (pS) + plasma-free serotonin values greater than normal as well as plasma noradrenaline values lower than normal during supine resting period (0'). Conversely, no significant differences were observed in the 0' values of any other of the measured parameters: systolic, diastolic and differential blood(More)
The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with plasma neurotransmitter assays and blood pressure measurements were performed on 68 hypertensive (A and B) and 68 paired normal controls (group C). Those patients who failed to show significant or persistent blood pressure reductions throughout OGTT constitute group A (37 subjects); and those who did show(More)
The term adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first introduced by Ashbaugh and Petty more than two decades ago. Since then, our understanding of this clinicopathologic entity has increased significantly. However, little therapeutic progress has been achieved, and the mortality remains high. ARDS is characterized by diffuse pulmonary microvascular(More)
Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (A), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (pS), free serotonin (fS), cortisol (CRT), growth hormone (GH), peripheral blood lymphocytes (lymph), lymphocyte subpopulations (LSS) and CD4/CD8 ratio were serially assessed in 50 non-medicated, advanced cancer patients (spontaneous evolution) and in age- and sex-paired controls.(More)
Major depressed patients showed greater heart rate, noradrenaline, and free-serotonin values than normal. Conversely, platelet-serotonin values in major depressed patients were significantly lower than normal. Patients registered the normal differential blood pressure reduction during orthostasis. They also revealed progressive and significantly higher(More)
We routinely measured plasma neurotransmitters and hormone levels in order to investigate the role of stress on many types of diseases. In this study, we present results obtained from patients with severe chronic diseases. The study sample consisted of 88 patients (asthmatics, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, chronic active hepatitis, chronic relapsing(More)
We report five consecutive cases of patients with acute pancreatitis resistant to conventional treatment who improved dramatically with clonidine. All patients showed greatly elevated noradrenaline, adrenaline and cortisol plasma levels (physiological indicators of stress) which fell abruptly upon initiation of clonidine therapy. The clonidine test(More)
Buspirone is an anxiolytic drug which exerts several central effects. It antagonizes presynaptic inhibitory DA2 autoreceptors at dopaminergic neurons and acts as an agonist for 5-HT1A inhibitor autoreceptors at serotonergic cells. Thus, buspirone respectively enhances and depresses the firing rates of both type of neurons. At doses which correlate with(More)