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Pimozide was compared with carbamazepine in a double-blind crossover trial in 48 patients with trigeminal neuralgia who were refractory to medical therapy. Pimozide treatment produced greater reduction in trigeminal neuralgia symptoms than carbamazepine treatment. All of the pimozide-treated patients improved, while only 56% of carbamazepine-treated(More)
In the present 30-week, double-blind study of 45 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients treated with prednisone, sulfasalazine, clonidine, or placebo, we found that clonidine (an alpha 2 agonist) and prednisone were effective in treating idiopathic UC. Both drugs were more effective than sulfasalazine. Furthermore, clonidine potentiated prednisone and(More)
The term adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first introduced by Ashbaugh and Petty more than two decades ago. Since then, our understanding of this clinicopathologic entity has increased significantly. However, little therapeutic progress has been achieved, and the mortality remains high. ARDS is characterized by diffuse pulmonary microvascular(More)
Levels of noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, free serotonin, platelet serotonin, and cortisol were measured in the plasma of duodenal ulcer patients and controls. All subjects received antacids, and these substances were also measured. During relapse, all patients showed raised noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, free serotonin, and cortisol values. In(More)
Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (A), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (pS), free serotonin (fS), cortisol (CRT), growth hormone (GH), peripheral blood lymphocytes (lymph), lymphocyte subpopulations (LSS) and CD4/CD8 ratio were serially assessed in 50 non-medicated, advanced cancer patients (spontaneous evolution) and in age- and sex-paired controls.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has shown that symptomatic asthmatic patients have increased levels of norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, free serotonin, and cortisol in plasma when compared with asymptomatic patients. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship between plasma levels of catecholamines, free serotonin, and cortisol and clinical status and(More)
Although circulating catecholamines and free serotonin in the plasma (f-5-HT) were found to be increased during asthma attacks, only f-5-HT levels correlated positively with bronchoconstriction and clinical severity. Tianeptine, a drug that enhances serotonin uptake by platelets and serotonergic axons at the central nervous system (CNS), provoked an abrupt(More)
We routinely measured plasma neurotransmitters and hormone levels in order to investigate the role of stress on many types of diseases. In this study, we present results obtained from patients with severe chronic diseases. The study sample consisted of 88 patients (asthmatics, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, chronic active hepatitis, chronic relapsing(More)