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Dual leucine zipper-bearing kinase (DLK) is a mixed-lineage kinase family member that acts as an upstream activator of the c-Jun N-terminal kinases. As opposed to other components of this pathway, very little is currently known regarding the mechanisms by which DLK is regulated in mammalian cells. Here we identify the stress-inducible heat shock protein 70(More)
The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are potent osteogenic molecules that are used for bone repair in delivery systems and in regenerative medicine. We studied the responses of murine MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts to doses of recombinant human (rh)BMP-9 with and without fetal bovine serum (FBS). rhBMP-2 was used as a control since it is currently approved by(More)
Although tissue transglutaminase (tTG) has been recognized as a mediator of apoptosis in various experimental models, little is currently known about the molecular mechanisms by which this protein modulates cell death. Recent work from our laboratory has shown that activation of tTG in cells exposed to the apoptotic inducer calphostin C triggers the(More)
Current evidence suggests that the mixed lineage kinase family member dual leucine zipper-bearing kinase (DLK) might play a significant role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation, particularly during the process of tissue remodeling. To further explore this working model, we have investigated the regulation of host and recombinant DLK in(More)
BACKGROUND The mixed-lineage kinase (MLK) family member DLK has been proposed to serve as a regulator of differentiation in various cell types; however, its role in adipogenesis has not been investigated. In this study, we used the 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell line as a model to examine the function of DLK in adipocyte differentiation. METHODS AND FINDINGS(More)
A role for tissue transglutaminase (TG2) and its substrate dual leucine zipper-bearing kinase (DLK), an upstream component of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway, has been previously suggested in the apoptotic response induced by calphostin C. In the current study, we directly tested this hypothesis by examining via pharmacological and(More)
It was recently suggested that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 may be useful for treating osteosarcoma cells. BMP-9, which has been patented to treat breast and prostate cancers, has a higher osteoinductive potential than BMP-2. Peptides derived from the knuckle epitope of BMPs (pBMPs) also induced osteogenic differentiation. However, the effect of BMP-9(More)
UNLABELLED Biomimetic materials were developed to regulate stem cell behaviour. We have analyzed the influence of polycaprolactone (PCL) films, functionalized with adhesive peptides derived from fibronectin (pFibro) or bone sialoprotein (pBSP), on the response of murine multipotent C3H10T1/2 cells to bone morphogenetic protein-9 (BMP-9) and its derived(More)
Mutations in the Drosophila kep1 gene, encoding a single maxi KH (K homology) domain-containing RNA-binding protein, result in a reduction of fertility in part due to the disruption of the apoptotic programme during oogenesis. This disruption is concomitant with the appearance of an alternatively spliced mRNA isoform encoding the inactive caspase dredd. We(More)
Some data in the literature suggest that serine/threonine phosphorylation is required for activation of the mixed-lineage kinases (MLKs), a subgroup of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAPKKKs). In this report, we demonstrate that the MLK family member DLK is activated and concurrently tyrosine-phosphorylated in cells exposed to the protein(More)