Alex Ciegler

Learn More
Fusarium moniliforme NRRL 6322 produced about 600 mg of recoverable moniliformin, a mycotoxic metabolite, per kg of corn grit medium. The moniliformin was extracted from the grits with methanol, purified by preparative thin-layer chromatography, and crystallized from ether. The 50% lethal dose for chicken embryos was 2.8 microgram per egg. For 1-day-old(More)
Yeasts, molds, bacteria, actinomycetes, algae, and fungal spores were screened for their ability to degrade aflatoxin. Some molds and mold spores partially transformed aflatoxin B(1) to new fluorescing compounds. Only one of the bacteria, Flavobacterium (aurantiacum?) NRRL B-184, removed aflatoxin from solution. Both growing and resting cells of B-184 took(More)
ANDERSON, R. F., ARNOLD, M., NELSON, G. E. N., AND CIEGLER, A. 1958 Microbiological production of beta-carotene in shaken flasks. J. Agr. Food Chem., 6, 543545. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists 1950 Official and tentative nmethods of analysis, 7th ed., pp. 367-385. BARNETT, H. L., LILLY, V. G., AND KRAUSE, R. F. 1956 Increased production of(More)
The toxicity of alfatoxin B(2a) (hydroxydihydro-aflatoxin B(1)) was studied in several biological systems. Aflatoxin B(2a) is the monohydroxylated derivative obtained from addition of water to the double bond of the terminal furan of B(1). Examination of the sensitivity of a group of microorganisms to B(2a) demonstrated that the inhibitory spectrum was(More)
Twenty known penicillic acid (PA)-producing Aspergillus and Penicillium cultures were grown under various conditions in shaken flasks to determine the highest yielding strains and their requirements for maximum toxin production. Abilities of the cultures to utilize eight different carbon sources in Raulin-Thom medium for mycotoxin synthesis were determined(More)
Aspergillus niger was found to be the predominant fungal contaminant of stored cottonseed. Seven strains were isolated and grown on rice. The hexane-insoluble material from methylene chloride extracts of 2-week-old cultures contained components toxic to mice. Based on high-pressure thin-layer and liquid chromatographic analyses, the major components in the(More)
Yields of from 200 to 300 mg per liter of aflatoxins B(1) and G(1) were produced by two strains of Aspergillus flavus in 20-liter fermentors under proper conditions of inoculum (well-dispersed growth) and aeration (0.5 volume per volume per min of air, 300 rev/min, 30 psi back pressure, baffles). Peak yields were usually attained in 72 hr, after which the(More)
Removal of aflatoxin B(1) from liquid cultures by resting and growing cells of Flavobacterium aurantiacum NRRL B-184 was studied. Spectrophotometic and thin-layer techniques served as aflatoxin assays. Cells grown in the presence of 5 ppm or higher levels of aflatoxin developed aberrant morphological forms. These toxin concentrations partially inhibited(More)