Alex C. H. Lee

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The knot configurations used in clinical practice often are based on tradition and previous training. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that knot quality improves with the addition of a single throw in two-throw and three-throw knots. We tested this hypothesis by using commonly used knot configurations and suture materials. Three suture(More)
The widespread availability of adult minimal access surgical (MAS) equipment together with resource constraints have led pediatric surgeons to adopt the adult setup. This study examined the influence of instrument size on task outcome and physical impact on the surgeon in pediatric endoscopic intracorporeal knot tying. Sixteen surgeons participated in this(More)
Current arc-lamp illumination systems have a number of technical and ergonomic limitations. White light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are energy-efficient solid-state lighting devices which are small, durable and inexpensive. Their use as an alternative to arc-lamp light sources in minimal access surgery has not been explored. This study aims to develop an(More)
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