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Coarctation of the aorta may present in infants, children, or adults, and it requires treatment to prevent serious morbidity and mortality. Recent advances in equipment and a growing collective experience have made placement of balloon-expandable stents a safe and effective alternative to surgery or angioplasty in a growing range of patients. This review(More)
BACKGROUND Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia is a heterogeneous group of defects, characterised by diverse sources of flow of blood to the lungs, which often include multiple systemic-to-pulmonary collateral arteries. Controversy surrounds the optimal method to achieve a biventricular repair with the fewest operations while basing flow to the lungs(More)
The Fontan circulation was originally described as palliation for tricuspid atresia but was subsequently used for a wide variety of single-ventricle physiologies, with the common thread being inability to separate the ventricles for independent use in the systemic and pulmonary circulations. Fontan baffle fenestrations have been created since the late 1980s(More)
PURPOSE Genital infantile hemangiomas are vascular anomalies that often require complex management and interdisciplinary care. Propranolol was first used to treat patients with infantile hemangiomas in 2008 and has since gained acceptance as first-line therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We review the presentation, course, management and outcomes of all cases(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The nonselective beta-blocker propranolol is the current criterion standard for treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) and the first therapy that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved for the condition, but concern about adverse effects, such as bronchospasm, hypoglycemia, and sleep disturbances, has sparked interest in(More)
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare diagnosis consisting of several midline defects of the sternum, abdominal wall, diaphragm, pericardium, and heart. One of the known features is ventricular diverticulum that can represent a technical challenge surgically. This is a follow-up case report of the successful simultaneous resection of a biventricular diverticulum(More)
Combigan (Allergan, Irvine, CA) is an ophthalmic solution that combines 0.2% brimonidine, a selective α-2 adrenergic agonist, with 0.5% timolol, a nonselective β-adrenergic antagonist. It is approved for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. There have been recent reports of successful treatment of(More)
We report a case of a high-risk neonate with interrupted aortic arch (IAA) and ventricular septal defect who underwent a successful hybrid palliative procedure using a ductal stent and bilateral branch pulmonary artery banding. This case represents not only a successful use of hybrid approach in high-risk neonates with IAA, but also introduces an(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial infantile hemangiomas are extremely rare, with only 36 patients reported in literature. Treatment for intracranial infantile hemangiomas has been mostly limited to surgery, steroids, and interferon therapy. Propranolol, which is often used to treat cutaneous infantile hemangiomas, is not currently standard treatment for intracranial(More)
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