Aletha B. Laurent

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CD73 is a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-anchored protein with both ecto-enzyme activity (ecto-5'-nucleotidase) and signal transducing capabilities for human T lymphocytes. We now report an analysis of the distribution and function of CD73 in murine lymphoid tissues made possible by the development of the first monoclonal antibodies (mAb) specific for murine(More)
A polyclonal antibody to the human adenosine A2b receptor (A2bR) was produced by immunizing a chicken with a multiple antigenic peptide consisting of eight copies of a 16-amino acid peptide, corresponding to the presumed second extracellular loop of the A2bR, linked to a branched lysine core. Western blotting with affinity-purified antibody revealed the(More)
Analyzing the status of T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements has been an essential part of deciphering the stages of thymocyte development, understanding the alphabeta vs. gammadelta lineage decision, and characterizing T-cell leukemias. Methods such as PCR and quantitative Southern blotting provide useful information, but also have significant(More)
The murine cDNA, encoding the purine catabolic enzyme, ecto-5'-nucleotidase (NT), was cloned and the tissue-specific distribution of both the mRNA and enzyme activity was examined. Starting with kidney RNA and primers based on the known rat sequence, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was utilized to obtain the complete sequence for(More)
Murine fetal thymic organ culture was used to investigate the mechanism by which adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency causes T-cell immunodeficiency. C57BL/6 fetal thymuses treated with the specific ADA inhibitor 2'-deoxycoformycin exhibited features of the human disease, including accumulation of dATP and inhibition of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase(More)
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (5'-NT,) CD73 is a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored differentiation Ag and purine salvage enzyme expressed on the surface of subsets of human lymphocytes. CD73 mAbs, in combination with submitogenic PMA or OKT3, activate human T cells to proliferate, secrete IL-2, and express IL-2 receptors. For several GPI-anchored proteins(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding adenosine deaminase (ADA), a purine salvage enzyme, lead to immunodeficiency in humans. Although ADA deficiency has been analyzed in cell culture and murine models, information is lacking concerning its impact on the development of human thymocytes. We have used chimeric human/mouse fetal thymic organ culture to study(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) catalyzes the conversion of adenosine and deoxyadenosine to inosine and deoxyinosine, respectively. ADA-deficient individuals suffer from severe combined immunodeficiency and are unable to produce significant numbers of mature T or B lymphocytes. This occurs as a consequence of the accumulation of ADA substrates or their(More)