Alessio Lodola

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The endocannabinoid anandamide is removed from the synaptic space by a selective transport system, expressed in neurons and astrocytes, that remains molecularly uncharacterized. Here we describe a partly cytosolic variant of the intracellular anandamide-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase-1 (FAAH-1), termed FAAH-like anandamide transporter (FLAT),(More)
Monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) is a serine hydrolase involved in the biological deactivation of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol (2-AG). Previous efforts to design MGL inhibitors have focused on chemical scaffolds that irreversibly block the activity of this enzyme. Here, we describe two naturally occurring terpenoids, pristimerin and euphol,(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is a promising target for modulating endocannabinoid and fatty acid ethanolamide signaling, which may have important therapeutic potential. We recently described a new class of O-arylcarbamate inhibitors of FAAH, including the cyclohexylcarbamic acid biphenyl-3-yl ester URB524 (half-maximal inhibitory concentration, IC(50)(More)
Identifying points of control in inflammation is essential to discovering safe and effective antiinflammatory medicines. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a naturally occurring lipid amide that, when administered as a drug, inhibits inflammatory responses by engaging peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha). PEA is preferentially(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) is a presynaptic serine hydrolase that inactivates the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol. Recent studies suggest that cysteine residues proximal to the enzyme active site are important for MGL function. In the present study, we characterize the role of cysteines in MGL function(More)
The fatty acid ethanolamides (FAEs) are a family of bioactive lipid mediators that include the endogenous agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA). FAEs are hydrolyzed intracellularly by either fatty acid amide hydrolase or N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA). Selective inhibition of NAAA by(More)
Irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors contain a reactive warhead which covalently interacts with a conserved cysteine residue in the kinase domain. The acrylamide fragment, a commonly employed warhead, effectively alkylates Cys797 of EGFR, but its reactivity can cause rapid metabolic deactivation or nonspecific reactions with(More)
Three imidazole antifungal agents, ketoconazole, miconazole and tioconazole, and a group of structurally related 1-substituted imidazole and 1,2,4-triazole compounds were evaluated as inhibitors of the oxidative metabolism of testosterone catalysed by mouse hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450. Spectroscopic studies showed that both imidazoles and triazoles(More)
Secondary alkylcarbamic acid biphenyl-3-yl esters are a class of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors, which include the reference compounds URB597 and URB694. Given the intrinsic reactivity of the carbamate group, the in vivo potency of these molecules in rats is strongly affected by their hydrolysis in plasma or hepatic metabolism. In the present(More)
Irreversible EGFR inhibitors can circumvent acquired resistance to first-generation reversible, ATP-competitive inhibitors in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. They contain both a driver group, which assures target recognition, and a warhead, generally an acrylamide or propargylamide fragment that binds covalently to Cys797 within the kinase(More)