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Recent theoretical and empirical studies have focused on the structural properties of complex relational networks in social, biological, and technological systems. Here we study the basic properties of twenty 1-square-mile samples of street patterns of different world cities. Samples are turned into spatial valued graphs. In such graphs, the nodes are(More)
Many biological and man-made networked systems are characterized by the simultaneous presence of different sub-networks organized in separate layers, with links and nodes of qualitatively different types. While during the past few years theoretical studies have examined a variety of structural features of complex networks, the outstanding question is(More)
We study coauthorship networks based on the preprints submitted to the Los Alamos cond-mat database during the period 2000–2005. In our approach two scientists are considered connected if they have coauthored one or more cond-mat preprints together in the same year. We focus on the characterization of the structural properties of the derived graphs and on(More)
Recent studies have revealed the importance of centrality measures to analyze various spatial factors affecting human life in cities. Here we show how it is possible to extract the backbone of a city by deriving spanning trees based on edge betweenness and edge information. By using as sample cases the cities of Bologna and San Francisco, we show how the(More)
Location and centrality in a city``No matter how good its offering, merchandising, or customer service, every retail company still has to contend with three critical elements of success: location, location, and location'' Taneja (1999, page 136). What is location? Why does it matter? A simple and intuitive answer is: centrality. A central place has one(More)
We study the dynamics of the European Air Transport Network by using a multiplex network formalism. We will consider the set of flights of each airline as an interdependent network and we analyze the resilience of the system against random flight failures in the pas-senger's rescheduling problem. A comparison between the single-plex approach and the(More)
In previous research we defined a methodology for mapping centrality in urban networks. Such methodology, named Multiple Centrality Assessment (MCA), makes it possible to ascertain how each street is structurally central in a city according to several different notions of centrality, as well as different scales of " being central ". In this study we(More)
In this work we analyze the evolution of voluntary vaccination in networked populations by entangling the spreading dynamics of an influenza-like disease with an evolutionary framework taking place at the end of each influenza season so that individuals take or do not take the vaccine upon their previous experience. Our framework thus puts in competition(More)
Cooperation among unrelated individuals is frequently observed in social groups when their members join efforts and resources to obtain a shared benefit which is unachievable by single ones. However, understanding why cooperation arises despite the natural tendency of individuals towards selfish behavior is still an open problem and represents one of the(More)
We compare the structural properties of the street networks of ten different European cities using their primal representation. We investigate the properties of the geometry of the networks and a set of centrality measures highlighting differences and similarities between cases. In particular, we found that cities share structural similarities due to their(More)