Alessia Torrice

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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumour that arises from biliary epithelium at any portion of the biliary tree. CCA is currently classified as intra-hepatic or extra-hepatic CCA (EH-CCA). Recent evidences suggest that intra-hepatic CCA (IH-CCA) and EH-CCA are biologically different cancers, giving further support to a number of recent epidemiological(More)
BACKGROUND Cholangiocarcinoma cells over-express oestrogen receptor-β, which displays anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. AIM To evaluate the effects of a newly developed and highly selective oestrogen receptor-β agonist (KB9520) on experimental intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS In vitro, the effects of KB9520 on apoptosis and(More)
Cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs) comprise a mucin-secreting form, intrahepatic or perihilar, and a mixed form located peripherally. We characterized cancer stem cells (CSCs) in CCA subtypes and evaluated their cancerogenic potential. CSC markers were investigated in 25 human CCAs in primary cultures and established cell lines. Tumorigenic potential was evaluated(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma is commonly considered a rare cancer. However, if we consider the hepato-biliary system a single entity, cancers of the gallbladder, intra-hepatic and extra-hepatic biliary tree altogether represent approximately 30% of the total with incidence rates close to that of hepatocellular carcinoma, which is the third most common cause of(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystin-1 and -2 (PC-1 and PC-2) are critical components of primary cilia, which act as mechanosensors and drive cell response to injury. PC-1 activation involves the cleavage/processing of PC-1 cytoplasmic tail, driven by regulated intramembrane proteolysis or ubiquitine/proteasome, translocation in the nucleus and activation of transcription(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Biliary tree, liver, and pancreas share a common embryological origin. We previously demonstrated the presence of stem/progenitor cells of endodermal origin in the adult human extrahepatic biliary tree. This study evaluated the human foetal biliary trees as sources of stem/progenitor cells of multiple endodermal-derived mature fates. (More)
BACKGROUND In different cell types, the insulin-like growth factor 1 and its receptor modulate growth, apoptosis and damage repair in cooperation with estrogen receptors. AIM To evaluate the involvement of the insulin-like growth factor 1 system and estrogen receptors in bile salts modulation of apoptosis/proliferation of hepatocytes and cholangiocytes.(More)
We evaluated the morphological and functional features of hepatic cyst epithelium in adult autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In six ADPKD patients, we investigated the morphology of cyst epithelium apical surface by scanning electron microscopy and the expression of estrogen receptors (ERs), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), IGF1(More)
A ‘locally acting’ IGF1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) isoform has been recently identified in the skeletal muscle and neural tissues where it accelerates injury repair. No information exist on the expression and function of IGF1 isoforms in the liver. We investigated IGF1 isoforms in rat hepatocytes and cholangiocytes and evaluated their involvement in(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a very heterogeneous cancer from any point of view, including epidemiology, risk factors, morphology, pathology, molecular pathology, modalities of growth and clinical features. Given this heterogeneity, a uniform classification respecting the epidemiologic, pathologic and clinical needs is currently lacking. In this manuscript(More)