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RATIONALE The hallucinatory effect and potential abuse of salvinorin A, the major ingredient of Salvia divinorum, has not been documented in animals. OBJECTIVE The effects of salvinorin A on the zebrafish (Danio rerio) model, through its swimming behavior and conditioned place preference (CPP) task, was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS Swimming activity(More)
The mechanism mediating the effects of cannabinoids on anxiety-related responses appear to involve cannabinoid CB1 and non-CB1 receptors. However, other neurotransmitters may play a role in such effect. This study shows evidence of an interaction between endocannabinoid system and serotonin (5-HT), 1A receptor subtype on anxiety-like behavior in(More)
BACKGROUND The recreational drug, Salvinorin A, derived from the plant of Salvia divinorum, is a potent and selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist. The abuse of selective k-agonists is a novel phenomenon, the mechanism of which is not fully understood. METHODS We investigated salvinorin A given SC on the conditioned place preference (.05-160 microg/kg)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Drugs targeting brain kappa-opioid receptors produce profound alterations in mood. In the present study we investigated the possible anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of the kappa-opioid receptor agonist salvinorin A, the main active ingredient of Salvia divinorum, in rats and mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Experiments were(More)
Recently, a potential neuroprotective effect of rimonabant, independent of the CB1 receptor interaction, has been proposed. In the present study, the role of transient receptor potential channel vanilloid subfamily member 1, named VR1, on neuroprotective effect of rimonabant, on global cerebral ischemia in gerbils, was investigated. Rimonabant (0.05-3 mg(More)
Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is a focal form of epilepsy characterized by seizures occurring during non-REM sleep. We have developed and characterized the first mouse model for ADNFLE type III carrying the V287L mutation of the beta2 subunit of neuronal nicotinic receptor. Mice expressing mutant receptors show a spontaneous(More)
A bilateral anomalous extended origin of the soleus muscle was observed in a 73-year-old female cadaver. It arose from the head, neck, and proximal two-thirds of the medial crest of the fibula and ran through the posterior intermuscular septum of the leg, from the lateral border of the fibula. The soleus muscle formed the vault of a muscular tunnel,(More)
INTRODUCTION The colorectal cancer screening program in the Local Health Unit n. 6 of Livorno is running since July 2000 and is meant to residents, aged between 50 and 70, who are invited to perform the test for faecal occult blood every 2 years. The aim of this work is an evaluation of the screening activity in the period 2000-2011. METHODS The(More)
We examined the toxicity of cocatropine (cocaine/atropine mixture) and the therapeutic potential of diazepam on some behavioral and physiological parameters in rats. Atropine (20 and 60 mg/kg) or cocaine (40 mg/kg) alone did not induce any seizure or death, but the combination significantly increased both, after both acute and binge treatment. There was a(More)
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