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NMDA receptors are glutamate-gated ion channels (iGluRs) that are involved in several important physiological functions such as neuronal development, synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory. Among iGluRs, NMDA receptors have been perhaps the most actively investigated for their role in chronic neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and(More)
Here, we report the design of new analogues of spirooxoindolepyrrolidine nucleus as modulators of p53 activity. Compounds (3R,7aR)-6-(4-chlorobenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (9c) and (3R,7aR)-5'-methyl-6-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (10d) are the(More)
Cancer development and chemo-resistance are often due to impaired functioning of the p53 tumor suppressor through genetic mutation or sequestration by other proteins. In glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), p53 availability is frequently reduced because it binds to the Murine Double Minute-2 (MDM2) oncoprotein, which accumulates at high concentrations in tumor(More)
Analogues of the previously described spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione p53 modulators were prepared to explore new structural requirements at the thiazolidine domain for the antiproliferative activity and p53 modulation. In cell, antiproliferative activity was evaluated against two human tumor cell lines. Derivative(More)
In the attempt to identify a new lead compound able to modify the conformational preferences of the beta-amyloid peptides, a set of new compounds characterized by a thiazolidine ring linked to several different aryl moieties were synthesized. The ability of these compounds to prevent the beta-amyloid aggregation was evaluated using circular dichroism and(More)
Deposition of senile plaques composed of fibrillar aggregates of Abeta-amyloid peptide is a characteristic hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. A widely employed approach in the study of anti-Alzheimer agents involves the identification of substances able to prevent amyloid aggregation, or to disaggregate the amyloid fibrils through a direct structural(More)
PTPRJ is a receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in both physiological and oncogenic pathways. We previously reported that its expression is strongly reduced in the majority of explored cancer cell lines and tumor samples; moreover, its restoration blocks in vitro cancer cell proliferation and in vivo tumor formation. By means of a phage display(More)
BACKGROUND p53 is a transcription factor with tumour suppressor properties, which is able to induce mitochondrial apoptosis independently of its transcriptional activity. We recently synthesised two new compounds (ISA27 and SM13), which block p53-MDM2 interaction and induce apoptosis in p53 wild-type (WT) tumour cells. The aim of this study was to verify(More)
Analogs of potent CaMKinase II inhibitor, CaM-KNtide, were prepared to explore new structural requirements for the inhibitory activity. The full potency of CaMKII inhibition by CaM-KIINα is contained within a minimal region of 19 amino acids. Here, analysis of the homologous CaM-KIINβ showed that a 17 mer peptide (CN17β) was the shortest sequence that still(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The resistance of human colon adenocarcinoma cells to antineoplastic agents may be related to the high endogenous expression of stress proteins, including the family of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Recently, a quinone-based pentacyclic derivative, DTNQ-Pro, showed high cytotoxic activity in human colon carcinoma cell lines. The aim of(More)