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The authors draw together the results of a series of detailed computational studies and show how they are contributing to the development of a theory of hippocampal function. A new part of the theory introduced here is a quantitative analysis of how backprojections from the hippocampus to the neocortex could lead to the recall of recent memories. The theory(More)
The CA3 network in the hippocampus may operate as an autoassociator, in which declarative memories, known to be dependent on hippocampal processing, could be stored, and subsequently retrieved, using modifiable synaptic efficacies in the CA3 recurrent collateral system. On the basis of this hypothesis, the authors explore the computational relevance of the(More)
It has been shown that it is possible to read, from the firing rates of just a small population of neurons, the code that is used in the macaque temporal lobe visual cortex to distinguish between different faces being looked at. To analyse the information provided by populations of single neurons in the primate temporal cortical visual areas, the responses(More)
How the brain represents different aspects of faces remains controversial. Here we presented subjects with stimuli drawn from morph continua between pairs of famous faces. In the paired presentations, a second face could be identical to the first, could share perceived identity but differ physically (30% along the morph continuum), or could differ(More)
To analyze the information provided about individual visual stimuli in the responses of single neurons in the primate temporal lobe visual cortex, neuronal responses to a set of 65 visual stimuli were recorded in macaques performing a visual fixation task and analyzed using information theoretical measures. The population of neurons analyzed responded(More)
Is the information transmitted by an ensemble of neurons determined solely by the number of spikes fired by each cell, or do correlations in the emission of action potentials also play a significant role? We derive a simple formula which enables this question to be answered rigorously for short time-scales. The formula quantifies the corrections to the(More)
A fundamental property of many associative memory networks is the ability to decorrelate overlapping input patterns before information is stored. In the hippocampus, this neuronal pattern separation is expressed as the tendency of ensembles of place cells to undergo extensive 'remapping' in response to changes in the sensory or motivational inputs to the(More)
1. The possibility of temporal encoding in the spike trains of single neurons recorded in the temporal lobe visual cortical areas of rhesus macaques was analyzed with the use of principal component and information theory analyses of smoothed spike trains. The neurons analyzed had responses selective for faces. 2. Provided that a correction was applied to(More)
We describe the results of quantitative information theoretic analyses of neural encoding, particularly in the primate visual, olfactory, taste, hippocampal, and orbitofrontal cortex. Most of the information turns out to be encoded by the firing rates of the neurons, that is by the number of spikes in a short time window. This has been shown to be a robust(More)
1. To analyze the information represented about individual odor stimuli in the responses of single olfactory neurons in the primate orbitofrontal area, neuronal responses were measured to a set of seven to nine odorants in macaques performing an olfactory discrimination task. The population of neurons analyzed had responses that were significantly(More)