Alessandro Torricelli

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We review nondestructive techniques for measuring internal and external quality attributes of fruit and vegetables, such as color, size and shape, flavor, texture, and absence of defects. The different techniques are organized according to their physical measurement principle. We first describe each technique and then list some examples. As many of these(More)
A fully automated system for time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy based on tunable mode-locked laser sources and on time-correlated single-photon counting for the detection of time-resolved reflectance data was applied to the evaluation of the optical properties of biological tissues (arm, abdomen and forehead) in vivo from 610 to 1010 nm. The scattering(More)
The first time-resolved optical mammograph operating beyond 900 nm was tested in a retrospective clinical study involving 194 patients with malignant and benign lesions, to investigate the diagnostic potential for the detection and characterization of breast lesions. For the first part of the study (101 patients with 114 lesions), the system was operated at(More)
Characterization of both malignant and benign lesions in the female breast is presented as the result of a clinical study that involved more than 190 subjects in the framework of the OPTIMAMM European project. All the subjects underwent optical mammography, by means of a multi-wavelength time-resolved mammograph, in the range 637-985 nm. Optical images were(More)
The letter-fluency task-induced response over the prefrontal cortex is investigated bilaterally on eight subjects using a recently developed compact, eight-channel, time-resolved, near-IR system. The cross-subject mean values of prefrontal cortex oxygen saturation (SO2) were 68.8+/-3.2% (right) and 71.0+/-3.6% (left), and of total hemoglobin concentration(More)
What is to our knowledge the first instrument for time-resolved optical mammography operating at wave-lengths longer than 900 nm has been developed. It is a scanning system that relies on the acquisition of time-resolved transmittance curves at 683, 785, 912, and 975 nm, with a total measurement time of approximately 5 min for an entire image. Breast(More)
Time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy can be used to assess nondestructively the bulk (rather than the superficial) optical properties of highly diffusive media. A fully automated system for time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy was used to evaluate the absorption and the transport scattering spectra of fruits in the red and the near-infrared regions. In(More)
The first time-resolved optical mammograph operating beyond 900 nm (683, 785, 913, and 975 nm) is presently being used in a clinical trial to test the diagnostic potential of the technique in detecting and characterizing breast lesions. Between November 2001 and October 2002, 101 patients with malignant and benign lesions were analyzed retrospectively.(More)
Breast density is a recognized strong and independent risk factor for breast cancer. We propose the use of time-resolved transmittance spectroscopy to estimate breast tissue density and potentially provide even more direct information on breast cancer risk. Time-resolved optical mammography at seven wavelengths (635 to 1060 nm) is performed on 49 subjects.(More)
This review is aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art of time domain (TD) functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We first introduce the physical principles, the basics of modeling and data analysis. Basic instrumentation components (light sources, detection techniques, and delivery and collection systems) of a TD fNIRS system are described. A(More)