Alessandro Torricelli

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The letter-fluency task-induced response over the prefrontal cortex is investigated bilaterally on eight subjects using a recently developed compact, eight-channel, time-resolved, near-IR system. The cross-subject mean values of prefrontal cortex oxygen saturation (SO2) were 68.8+/-3.2% (right) and 71.0+/-3.6% (left), and of total hemoglobin concentration(More)
The potential disturbance in the prefrontal cortex hemodynamic signal measured by functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), due to forehead skin flowmotion, detected by laser Doppler flowmetry, was investigated by a standard protocol of hemodynamic challenge by Valsalva maneuver, aimed at assessing and disentangling local regulatory responses in skin(More)
This review is aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art of time domain (TD) functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We first introduce the physical principles, the basics of modeling and data analysis. Basic instrumentation components (light sources, detection techniques, and delivery and collection systems) of a TD fNIRS system are described. A(More)
PURPOSE Sustained attention is one of the most important cognitive abilities for the management of everyday life, but it is often studied only at the behavioral level, while functional correlates are scarcely investigated. In this article, the authors address the topic of characterizing the dynamics of cerebral metabolism in the prefrontal cortex during a(More)
We present a system for near infrared functional tomography based on a single pulsed source and a time-gated camera, for non-contact collection over a large area. The mean penetration depth of diffusely reflected photons is dependent on the arrival time of photons, but not on the source-detector distance. Thus, time-encoded data can be used to recover depth(More)
We evaluated frontal brain activation during a mixed attentional/working memory task with graded levels of difficulty in a group of 19 healthy subjects, by means of time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Brain activation was assessed, and load-related oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin changes were studied. Generalized linear model (GLM) was(More)
The aim of this review is to present the state of the art of neurophotonics, a recently founded discipline lying at the interface between optics and neuroscience. While neurophotonics also includes invasive techniques for animal studies, in this review we focus only on the non-invasive methods that use near infrared light to probe functional activity in the(More)
Mental processes bring about neural, vascular and autonomic changes in the brain cortex. Due to the different nature of these modifications, their onsets show no synchrony and time dynamics is often strongly dissimilar. After acquiring data from a group of 16 subjects, we estimated temporal correlation between task and signals in order to assess possible(More)
Breast density is a recognized strong and independent risk factor for developing breast cancer. At present, breast density is assessed based on the radiological appearance of breast tissue, thus relying on the use of ionizing radiation. We have previously obtained encouraging preliminary results with our portable instrument for time domain optical(More)
Neuroimaging studies have shown neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)-evoked movements activate regions of the cortical sensorimotor network, including the primary sensorimotor cortex (SMC), premotor cortex (PMC), supplementary motor area (SMA), and secondary somatosensory area (S2), as well as regions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) known to be(More)