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A fully automated system for time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy based on tunable mode-locked laser sources and on time-correlated single-photon counting for the detection of time-resolved reflectance data was applied to the evaluation of the optical properties of biological tissues (arm, abdomen and forehead) in vivo from 610 to 1010 nm. The scattering(More)
A liquid phantom for investigating light propagation through layered diffusive media is described. The diffusive medium is an aqueous suspension of calibrated scatterers and absorbers. A thin membrane separates layers with different optical properties. Experiments showed that a material with scattering properties should be used for the membrane to avoid the(More)
The first, to our knowledge, in-vivo broadband spectroscopic characterization of breast tissue using different interfiber distances as well as transmittance measurements is presented. Absorption and scattering properties are measured on six healthy subjects, using time-resolved diffuse spectroscopy and an inverse model based on the diffusion equation.(More)
A solid tissue phantom made of agar, Intralipid and black ink is described and characterized. The preparation procedure is fast and easily implemented with standard laboratory equipment. An instrumentation for time-resolved transmittance measurements was used to determine the optical properties of the phantom. The absorption and the reduced scattering(More)
The absorption spectrum of collagen powder is measured between 610 and 1040 nm by time-resolved transmittance spectroscopy. Absorption spectra of breast from healthy volunteers are then interpreted, adding collagen to the other absorbers previously considered (i.e., oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin, water, and lipids). A significant amount of collagen, depending on(More)
The potential disturbance in the prefrontal cortex hemodynamic signal measured by functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), due to forehead skin flowmotion, detected by laser Doppler flowmetry, was investigated by a standard protocol of hemodynamic challenge by Valsalva maneuver, aimed at assessing and disentangling local regulatory responses in skin(More)
In vivo absorption and reduced scattering spectra of the human calcaneous from 650 to 1000 nm were assessed using a laboratory system for time-resolved transmittance spectroscopy. Measurements were performed on the calcaneous of seven female volunteers ranging from 26 to 82 years of age. The analysis of the absorption spectra, using a linear combination of(More)
Non-destructive spectroscopy in the visible and near infrared wavelength range has been introduced for analyzing absorbing compounds in fruit and vegetables. A drawback of the method appears due to the measuring principle, where photons detected in the diffusive tissue are influenced by the sample absorption but also scattering properties leading to(More)
The first time-resolved optical mammograph operating beyond 900 nm was tested in a retrospective clinical study involving 194 patients with malignant and benign lesions, to investigate the diagnostic potential for the detection and characterization of breast lesions. For the first part of the study (101 patients with 114 lesions), the system was operated at(More)
Breast density is a recognized strong and independent risk factor for breast cancer. We propose the use of time-resolved transmittance spectroscopy to estimate breast tissue density and potentially provide even more direct information on breast cancer risk. Time-resolved optical mammography at seven wavelengths (635 to 1060 nm) is performed on 49 subjects.(More)