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Neurodegenerative disorders with high brain iron include Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease and several childhood genetic disorders categorized as neuroaxonal dystrophies. We mapped a locus for infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) and neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) to chromosome 22q12-q13 and identified mutations in PLA2G6,(More)
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the gene encoding phospholipase A(2) group VI (PLA2G6) are associated with two childhood neurologic disorders: infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) and idiopathic neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). INAD is a severe progressive psychomotor disorder in which axonal spheroids are found in brain, spinal cord, and(More)
Peripheral neuropathy associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACCPN) is a severe sensorimotor neuropathy associated with mental retardation, dysmorphic features and complete or partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. ACCPN is transmitted in an autosomal recessive fashion and is found at a high frequency in the province of Quebec, Canada. ACCPN has(More)
Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia with thinning of corpus callosum (ARHSP-TCC) is a complex form of HSP initially described in Japan but subsequently reported to have a worldwide distribution with a particular high frequency in multiple families from the Mediterranean basin. We recently showed that ARHSP-TCC is commonly associated with mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND The peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) gene has four transmembrane domains, two extracellular loops, and a short cytoplasmic tail. Its roles in the peripheral nervous system remain unclear. The most common cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A (CMT1A) is a PMP22 gene duplication. Missense point mutations in the transmembrane domains(More)
It has been suggested that a genetic factor(s) or a familial predisposition may contribute to the clinical manifestations of disc herniation; moreover, no genetic linkage between spinal disc herniation and spastic paraplegia has ever been described. A family with consanguineous parents and four of eight sibs affected by multiple disc herniations and spastic(More)
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
The authors report two cases with severe cerebro-ocular malformations and muscular dystrophy who died at 14 and 8 months of age. In both, muscular dystrophy was confirmed by EMG and high muscle enzyme values. In one case, autopsy showed severe cerebral malformation consisting of lissencephaly, hydrocephalus, agenesis of corpus callosum, chiasma and(More)
Cell proliferation and death account for the refinement of the cell number during corticogenesis. These processes have been investigated in the human developing telencephalon (12th-24th week of gestation) and cerebellum (16th-24th week). Only foetal brains, which had normal neuropathological examination, were utilised. Cell proliferation was analysed by(More)