Alessandro Simonati

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Neurodegenerative disorders with high brain iron include Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease and several childhood genetic disorders categorized as neuroaxonal dystrophies. We mapped a locus for infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) and neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) to chromosome 22q12-q13 and identified mutations in PLA2G6,(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the gene encoding phospholipase A(2) group VI (PLA2G6) are associated with two childhood neurologic disorders: infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) and idiopathic neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). INAD is a severe progressive psychomotor disorder in which axonal spheroids are found in brain, spinal cord, and(More)
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
Peripheral neuropathy associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACCPN) is a severe sensorimotor neuropathy associated with mental retardation, dysmorphic features and complete or partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. ACCPN is transmitted in an autosomal recessive fashion and is found at a high frequency in the province of Quebec, Canada. ACCPN has(More)
Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia with thinning of corpus callosum (ARHSP-TCC) is a complex form of HSP initially described in Japan but subsequently reported to have a worldwide distribution with a particular high frequency in multiple families from the Mediterranean basin. We recently showed that ARHSP-TCC is commonly associated with mutations in(More)
In childhood the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are the most frequent lysosomal diseases and the most frequent neurodegenerative diseases but, in adulthood, they represent a small fraction among the neurodegenerative diseases. Their morphology is marked by: (i) loss of neurons, foremost in the cerebral and cerebellar cortices resulting in cerebral and(More)
Pontocerebellar hypoplasias (PCHs) are genetically determined conditions characterized by disturbances of maturation of the ventral pontine nuclei and hemispheric cerebellar cortex. Characteristic clinical findings (such as progressive microcephaly, the presence of spasticity, the occurrence of dyskinesia), the possible involvement of anterior horn cells(More)
BACKGROUND The peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) gene has four transmembrane domains, two extracellular loops, and a short cytoplasmic tail. Its roles in the peripheral nervous system remain unclear. The most common cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A (CMT1A) is a PMP22 gene duplication. Missense point mutations in the transmembrane domains(More)
Cell proliferation and death account for the refinement of the cell number during corticogenesis. These processes have been investigated in the human developing telencephalon (12th-24th week of gestation) and cerebellum (16th-24th week). Only foetal brains, which had normal neuropathological examination, were utilised. Cell proliferation was analysed by(More)
Alpers-Huttenlocher disease (AHD) is a rare encephalopathy of infancy and childhood characterized by myoclonic seizures and progressive neurological deterioration, usually associated with signs and symptoms of liver dysfunction. There is no biological marker of the disease, and ultimate diagnosis still relies on pathological examination. Features of(More)