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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major regulator of blood vessel formation during development and in the adult organism. Recent evidence indicates that this factor also plays an important role in sustaining the proliferation and differentiation of different cell types, including progenitor cells of different tissues, including bone marrow,(More)
This study analyzes morphologic and functional alterations detected by M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography in 41 patients with histologically proven myocarditis and different clinical presentations: congestive heart failure (63%), atrioventricular block (17%), chest pain (15%) and supraventricular arrhythmias (5%). Left ventricular dysfunction was(More)
BACKGROUND Active myocarditis is characterized by large heterogeneity of clinical presentation and evolution. This study describes the characteristics and the long-term evolution of a large sample of patients with biopsy-proven active myocarditis, looking for accessible and valid early predictors of long-term prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS From 1981 to(More)
HIV-specific mucosal and cellular immunity was analyzed in heterosexual couples discordant for HIV status in serum and in HIV-unexposed controls. HIV-specific IgA but not IgG was present in urine and vaginal wash samples from HIV-exposed seronegative individuals (ESN), whereas both IgA and IgG were observed in their HIV-seropositive partners; antibodies(More)
Vectors based on the adeno-associated virus (AAV) deliver therapeutic genes to muscle and heart at high efficiency and maintain transgene expression for long periods of time. Here we report about the synergistic effect on blood vessel formation of AAV vectors expressing the 165 aa isoform of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165), a powerful activator(More)
STUDY POPULATIONS This study concerned the possible relations between seroreactivity to Chlamydia pneumoniae and myocardial infarction. A group of 29 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 74 members of a healthy control group, and a subgroup of 24 members of a healthy control group matched for age, sex, and coronary risk factors (HCM) were(More)
The presence and activity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific antibodies were analyzed in the sera of 15 sexually exposed seronegative persons who had systemic HIV-specific cell-mediated immunity and IgA-mediated mucosal immunity and in their HIV-infected partners. The HIV-positive subjects had HIV-specific serum IgG and IgA; the seronegative(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of enteroviral infection in the myocardium of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy by using a highly sensitive and specific detection technique. BACKGROUND Recent molecular studies have suggested that enteroviral persistence (in particular, coxsackieviruses type B) may(More)
The results of the medical treatment of primary pulmonary hypertension are usually very poor. A case of severe primary pulmonary hypertension in chronic heart failure was treated with the calcium antagonist nifedipine, a powerful vasodilator which acts directly on vascular smooth muscle. Nifedipine, administered in a dose of 20 mg sublingually, caused a(More)