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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major regulator of blood vessel formation during development and in the adult organism. Recent evidence indicates that this factor also plays an important role in sustaining the proliferation and differentiation of different cell types, including progenitor cells of different tissues, including bone marrow,(More)
This study was done to analyse the costs of 64-slice computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography and conventional coronary angiography and determine the costeffectiveness of the two modalities. Detailed activity-based cost analyses of the two modalities were carried out at the departments of radiology and cardiology of a teaching hospital. The(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of enteroviral infection in the myocardium of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy by using a highly sensitive and specific detection technique. BACKGROUND Recent molecular studies have suggested that enteroviral persistence (in particular, coxsackieviruses type B) may(More)
Seminal to the process of arterial restenosis after balloon angioplasty is extracellular matrix degradation by metalloproteinases (MMPs); activity of these proteins is strongly inhibited by the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). Here we exploit gene transfer using an adeno-associated virus (AAV) for TIMP1 gene delivery in a rat model of intimal hyperplasia.(More)
This study analyzes morphologic and functional alterations detected by M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography in 41 patients with histologically proven myocarditis and different clinical presentations: congestive heart failure (63%), atrioventricular block (17%), chest pain (15%) and supraventricular arrhythmias (5%). Left ventricular dysfunction was(More)
Multivariate analysis was used to analyze the morphometric data of endomyocardial biopsies (area, perimeter and minor diameter) of myocardial cells obtained at light microscopy by a computerized approach with 16 clinical parameters and prognosis in 52 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The best morphometric parameter was "area" (R2 = 0.47). A(More)
Right ventricular dysplasia, a heart muscle disease of unknown cause, anatomically characterized by variable replacement of myocardial muscle with adipose or fibroadipose tissue, is usually considered a selective disorder of the right ventricle. However, concomitant left ventricular involvement has been noted in a few cases. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Active myocarditis is characterized by large heterogeneity of clinical presentation and evolution. This study describes the characteristics and the long-term evolution of a large sample of patients with biopsy-proven active myocarditis, looking for accessible and valid early predictors of long-term prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS From 1981 to(More)