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Muscle homeostasis involves de novo myogenesis, as observed in conditions of acute or chronic muscle damage. Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) triggers skeletal muscle wasting in several pathological conditions and inhibits muscle regeneration. We show that intramuscular treatment with the myogenic factor Arg(8)-vasopressin (AVP) enhanced skeletal muscle(More)
Static magnetic field (SMF) interacts with mammal skeletal muscle; however, SMF effects on skeletal muscle cells are poorly investigated. The myogenic cell line L6, an in vitro model of muscle development, was used to investigate the effect of a 80 +/- mT SMF generated by a custom-made magnet. SMF promoted myogenic cell differentiation and hypertrophy,(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) play a key role in the initiation and propagation of action potentials in neurons. Na(V)1.8 is a tetrodotoxin (TTX) resistant VGSC expressed in nociceptors, peripheral small-diameter neurons able to detect noxious stimuli. Na(V)1.8 underlies the vast majority of sodium currents during action potentials. Many studies(More)
The α-subunit of tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel Na(V)1.8 is selectively expressed in sensory neurons. It has been reported that Na(V)1.8 is involved in the transmission of nociceptive information from sensory neurons to the central nervous system in nociceptive [1] and neuropathic [24] pain conditions. Thus Na(V)1.8 has been a promising(More)
Midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons are implicated in cognitive functions, neuropsychiatric disorders, and pathological conditions; hence understanding genes regulating their homeostasis has medical relevance. Transcription factors FOXA1 and FOXA2 (FOXA1/2) are key determinants of mDA neuronal identity during development, but their roles in adult mDA(More)
Multiple plasma membrane proteins such as ion transporters and ion channels are involved in electrogenesis by setting resting membrane potentials and triggering/propagating action potentials. Recent findings strongly suggest that some of these membrane proteins are selectively transported into membrane microdomains termed lipid rafts. There appear to be(More)
Skeletal muscle is susceptible to injury following trauma, neurological dysfunction, and genetic diseases. Skeletal muscle homeostasis is maintained by a pronounced regenerative capacity, which includes the recruitment of stem cells. Chronic exposure to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) triggers a muscle wasting reminiscent of cachexia. To better understand(More)
VGF (nonacronymic) is a neuropeptide precursor that plays multiple roles in regulation of energy balance, reproduction, hippocampal synaptic plasticity, and pain. Data from a number of pain models showed significant up-regulation of VGF in sensory neurons. TLQP-21, one of the VGF-derived neuropeptides, has been shown to induce a hyperalgesic response when(More)
Culturing of skeletal muscle cells on conductive surfaces is required to develop electronic device-muscle junctions for tissue engineering and medical applications. We characterized from a molecular and morphological point of view myogenic cells cultured on gold and on cysteamine-coated gold, as compared to the standard plastic for cell culture. Our results(More)