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Changes in DNA methylation during tobacco pollen development have been studied by confocal fluorescence microscopy using a monoclonal anti-5-methylcytosine (anti-m5C) antibody and a polyclonal anti-histone H1 (anti-histone) antibody as an internal standard. The specificity of the anti-m5C antibody was demonstrated by a titration series against both(More)
In the developing chicken embryo, active DNA demethylation requires both RNA and proteins (Nucleic Acids Res. 25, 2375-2380, 1997; ibid. 25, 4545-4550, 1997, FEBS Lett. 449, 251-254, 1999a). In vitro assays indicate that in the 5- and 12-day-old embryos the highest specific activity of 5-methylcytosine DNA glycosylase is found in the brain, the eyes and the(More)
Many proteins "bind" DNA through positively charged amino acids on their surfaces. However, to overcome significant energetic and topological obstacles, proteins that bend or package DNA might also modulate the stiffness that is generated by repulsions between phosphates within DNA. Much previous work describes how ions change the flexibility of DNA in(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a non-integrin vitronectin (VN) cell adhesion receptor linked to the plasma membrane by a glycolipid anchor. Through structure-function analyses of uPAR, VN and integrins, we document that uPAR-mediated cell adhesion to VN triggers a novel type of integrin signalling that is independent of(More)
Nanostructured cubic zirconia is a strategic material for biomedical applications since it combines superior structural and optical properties with a nanoscale morphology able to control cell adhesion and proliferation. We produced nanostructured cubic zirconia thin films at room temperature by supersonic cluster beam deposition of nanoparticles produced in(More)
Bacterial infection of implants and prosthetic devices is one of the most common causes of implant failure. The nanostructured surface of biocompatible materials strongly influences the adhesion and proliferation of mammalian cells on solid substrates. The observation of this phenomenon has led to an increased effort to develop new strategies to prevent(More)
1. The specificity of a monoclonal IgG1 raised against a 5-methylcytidine-keyhole limpet hemocyanin conjugate was investigated by inhibition experiments with soluble competing antigens. 2. A competitive enzyme immunoassay has been set up, with the antigen immobilized on polystyrene microtitration wells. 3. The analysis of the cross-reaction profile allowed(More)
Human insulin has long been known to form amyloid fibrils under given conditions. The molecular basis of insulin aggregation is relevant for modeling the amyloidogenesis process, which is involved in many pathologies, as well as for improving delivery systems, used for diabetes treatments. Insulin aggregation displays a wide variety of morphologies, from(More)
We have characterized the biocompatibility of nanostructured TiO2 films produced by the deposition of a supersonic beam of TiOx clusters. Physical analysis shows that these films possess, at the nanoscale, a granularity and porosity mimicking those of typical extracellular matrix structures and adsorption properties that could allow surface(More)
Protein therapeutics are playing an expanding role in modern medicinal chemistry. Among them, native or engineered molecules exploiting the binding and catalytic potential of the immune repertoire form an extremely exciting and emerging business area. They represent by far the single largest category of biopharmaceutical substances under investigation. The(More)