Alessandro Pini

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Since a growing number of studies based on the real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) continue to be published in order to highlight genes specifically involved in brain development, maturation, and function, the identification of reference genes suitable for this kind of experiments is now an urgent need in the neuroscience(More)
A large 10-mer phage peptide library was panned against whole Escherichia coli cells, and an antimicrobial peptide (QEKIRVRLSA) was selected. The peptide was synthesized in monomeric and dendrimeric tetrabranched form (multiple antigen peptide [MAP]), which generally allows a dramatic increase of peptide stability to peptidases and proteases. The(More)
New ligands for a variety of biological targets can be selected from biological or synthetic combinatorial peptide libraries. The use of different libraries to select novel peptides with potential therapeutic applications is reviewed. The possible combination of molecular diversity provided by combinatorial libraries and a rational approach derived from(More)
We describe the nonnatural antimicrobial peptide KKIRVRLSA (M33) and its capacity to neutralize LPS-induced cytokine release, preventing septic shock in animals infected with bacterial species of clinical interest. M33 showed strong resistance to proteolytic degradation when synthesized in tetrabranched form with 4 peptides linked by a lysine core, making(More)
The branched M33 antimicrobial peptide was previously shown to be very active against Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, including multidrug-resistant strains. In an attempt to produce back-up molecules, we synthesized an M33 peptide isomer consisting of D-aminoacids (M33-D). This isomeric version showed 4 to 16-fold higher activity against Gram-positive(More)
The concept of 'magic bullet', initially ascribed to immunoglobulins by Paul Ehrlich at the beginning of the 20th century and strengthened by the hybridoma technology of Kohler and Milstein in the mid 70s, can nowadays be attributed to different target-specific molecules, such as peptides. This attribution is increasingly valid in light of the explosion of(More)
We found that synthetic peptides in the form of dendrimers become resistant to proteolysis. To determine the molecular basis of this resistance, different bioactive peptides were synthesized in monomeric, two-branched and tetra-branched form and incubated with human plasma and serum. Proteolytic resistance of branched multimeric sequences was compared to(More)
We previously produced synthetic peptides mimicking the snake neurotoxin binding site of the nicotinic receptor. These peptide mimotopes bind the snake neurotoxin alpha-bungarotoxin with higher affinity than peptides reproducing native receptor sequences and inhibit toxin binding to nicotinic receptors in vitro; yet their efficiency in vivo is low. Here we(More)
In neurons, voltage-dependent Kv3 potassium channels are essential for the generation of action potentials at high frequency. A dysregulation of the Kv3.1 and Kv3.4 channel subunits has been suggested to contribute to neuronal and glial alterations in Alzheimer’s disease, but a quantitative evaluation of these subunits in a mouse model of the pathology is(More)
The lethal and oedema toxins produced by Bacillus anthracis, the aetiological agent of anthrax, are made by association of protective antigen with lethal and oedema factors and play a major role in the pathogenesis of anthrax. In the present paper, we describe the production of peptide-based specific inhibitors in branched form which inhibit the interaction(More)