Alessandro Pelizzola

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The cluster variation method (CVM) is a hierarchy of approximate variational techniques for discrete (Ising–like) models in equilibrium statistical mechanics, improving on the mean–field approximation and the Bethe–Peierls approximation, which can be regarded as the lowest level of the CVM. In recent years it has been applied both in statistical physics and(More)
A transfer-matrix formalism is introduced to evaluate exactly the partition function of the Muñoz-Eaton model, relating the folding kinetics of proteins of known structure to their thermodynamics and topology. This technique can be used for a generic protein, for any choice of the energy and entropy parameters, and in principle allows the model to be used(More)
Mechanical unfolding and refolding of ubiquitin are studied by Monte Carlo simulations of a Gō model with binary variables. The exponential dependence of the time constants on the force is verified, and folding and unfolding lengths are computed, with good agreement with experimental results. Furthermore, the model exhibits intermediate kinetic states, as(More)
Previous research has shown a strong correlation of protein folding rates to the native state geometry, yet a complete explanation for this dependence is still lacking. Here we study the rate-geometry relationship with a simple statistical physics model, and focus on two classes of model geometries, representing ideal parallel and antiparallel structures.(More)
The mechanical unfolding of proteins is studied by extending the Wako-Saitô-Muñoz-Eaton model. This model is generalized by including an external force, and its thermodynamics turns out to be exactly solvable. We consider two molecules, the 27th immunoglobulin domain of titin and protein PIN1. We determine equilibrium force-extension curves for the titin(More)
We consider a simplified model of protein folding, with binary degrees of freedom, whose equilibrium thermodynamics is exactly solvable. Based on this exact solution, the kinetics is studied in the framework of a local equilibrium approach, for which we prove that (i) the free energy decreases with time, (ii) the exact equilibrium is recovered in the(More)
We apply the Wako-Saito-Muñoz-Eaton model to the study of myotrophin, a small ankyrin repeat protein, whose folding equilibrium and kinetics have been recently characterized experimentally. The model, which is a native-centric with binary variables, provides a finer microscopic detail than the Ising model that has been recently applied to some different(More)
The authors address the problem of downhill protein folding in the framework of a simple statistical mechanical model, which allows an exact solution for the equilibrium and a semianalytical treatment of the kinetics. Focusing on protein 1BBL, a candidate for downhill folding behavior, and comparing it to the WW domain of protein PIN1, a two-state folder of(More)
The mechanical unfolding of a simple RNA hairpin and of a 236-base portion of the Tetrahymena thermophila ribozyme is studied by means of an Ising-like model. Phase diagrams and free energy landscapes are computed exactly and suggest a simple two-state behavior for the hairpin and the presence of intermediate states for the ribozyme. Nonequilibrium(More)