Alessandro Passarelli

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A region of the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus genome that is frequently found to be altered after serial passage of the virus in cell culture was characterized. Sequence analysis of this region of the genome in wild-type and mutant viruses revealed that some of the mutations affected a 675 bp open reading frame, designated(More)
The Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus orf92 (p33), ac92, is one of 31 genes carried in all sequenced baculovirus genomes, thus suggesting an essential function. Ac92 has homology to the family of flavin adenine dinucleotide-linked sulfhydryl oxidases and is related to the ERV/ALR family of sulfhydryl oxidases. The role of ac92 during(More)
The fibroblast growth factor (vfgf) gene encoded by Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) has been shown to share functional properties with cellular fgfs; it is a secreted protein, binds heparin, and stimulates motility of insect cells. We previously reported that viruses containing or lacking vfgf produced similar yields of budded virus(More)
We developed a method to identify baculovirus genes required for late and very late gene expression that is based on subtraction of clones from an Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus genomic library which is able to trans activate promoters of reporter plasmids in transient expression assays. Using this assay, we found that three genes located(More)
A trans-acting gene required for late viral gene expression in transient expression assays was identified in the genome of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. A genomic library of A. californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus DNA lacking a clone spanning the region from 43 to 48 map units (mu) was unable to activate gene expression from a(More)
It is known that baculovirus infection promotes high-frequency recombination between its genomes and plasmid DNA during the construction of recombinant viruses for foreign gene expression. However, little is known about the viral genes necessary to promote homologous recombination (HR). We developed an assay to identify viral genes that are necessary to(More)
The Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) orf79 (ac79) gene is a conserved gene in baculoviruses and shares homology with genes in ascoviruses, iridoviruses, and several bacteria. Ac79 has a conserved motif and structural similarities to UvrC and intron-encoded endonucleases. Ac79 is produced at early times during infection and concentrates(More)
Baculoviruses have adapted novel tactics to transcribe their genes during the late stages of replication. These include a DNA-directed RNA polymerase which is evolutionarily divergent from cellular polymerases. The viral RNA polymerase is a multisubunit and multifunctional RNA polymerase that has the ability to recognize late promoters, transcribe the(More)
Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus transcribes genes using two DNA-directed RNA polymerases; early genes are transcribed by the host RNA polymerase II, and late and very late genes are transcribed by a viral-encoded multisubunit RNA polymerase. The viral RNA polymerase is composed of four proteins: Late Expression Factor-4 (LEF-4), LEF-8, LEF-9,(More)
We have identified and sequenced a novel baculovirus gene, late expression factor eight gene (lef-8), of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus that is necessary for efficient expression from late and very late virus gene promoters in a transient expression assay. The predicted gene product, LEF-8, has a molecular mass of 102 kDa and contains a(More)