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The mechanical behavior of human liver has been characterized with aspiration experiments. Measurements have been performed in vivo under sterile conditions during open surgery. Twenty-three measurements on six healthy human livers were performed using the same loading history for each test, so to allow a direct comparison of the measured deformations. The(More)
Constitutive models for soft biological tissues and in particular for human organs are required for medical applications such as surgery simulation, surgery planning, diagnosis. In the literature the mechanical properties of biosolids are generally presented in " preconditioned " state, i.e. the stabilized conditions reached after several loading-unloading(More)
The low strain-rate behavior of the human myometrium under compression was determined. To this end, uniaxial, unconstrained compression experiments were conducted on a total of 25 samples from three excised human uteri at strain rates between 0.001 s(-1) and 0.008 s(-1). A three-dimensional finite element model of each sample was created and used together(More)
Experimental results of in vivo measurements to characterize the mechanical behaviour of human uterine cervices are documented. Aspiration experiments were performed on eight uteri in vivo, before vaginal/abdominal hysterectomy, and four uteri were also tested ex vivo, approximately 1.5h after extraction. The reproducibility of the mechanical data from the(More)
The mechanical response of human liver is characterized in vivo by means of intra-operative aspiration experiments. Mechanical characterization is combined with histological evaluation of liver tissue biopsies obtained from the resected liver at the site of mechanical testing. This procedure enables a quantitative analysis of the correlation between(More)
A proper mechanical characterization of soft biological tissues of the human body has a strong impact on several medical applications such as surgical planning, virtual reality simulators, trauma research, and for diagnostic purposes. Adequate experimental data are needed to describe quantitatively the mechanical behaviour of those organs. We present a(More)
The uterine cervix has to provide mechanical resistance to ensure a normal development of the fetus. This is guaranteed by the composition of its extracellular matrix, which functions as a fiber-reinforced composite. At term a complex remodeling process allows the cervical canal to open for birth. This remodeling is achieved by changes in the quality and(More)
This paper focuses on the study of a bio-inspired neural controller used to govern a mobile robot. The network's architecture is based on the understanding that neurophysiologists have obtained on the nervous system of some simple animals, like arthropods or invertebrates. The neuronal model mimics the behavior of the natural cells present in the animal,(More)