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We investigate the general constitutive relation of an isotropic linear fluid when the stress tensor can depend on higher-order spatial gradients of the velocity. We apply the results to the case of second-grade and third-grade fluids, be compressible or not. However, the expression of the general isotropic tensor can be a matter of interest also for other(More)
By means of a perturbation argument devised by P. Bolle, we prove the existence of infinitely many solutions for perturbed symmetric polyharmonic problems with non–homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. An extension to the higher order case of the estimate from below for the critical values due to K. Tanaka is obtained.
Cauchy interactions between subbodies of a continuous body are introduced in the framework of Measure Theory, extending the class of previously admissible ones. A decomposition theorem into a volume and a surface interaction is proved, as well as characterizations of the single components. Finally, an extension result and a generalized balance law are given.
An approach to weak balance laws in Continuum Mechanics is presented, involving densities with only divergence measure, which relies on the balance of power. An equivalence theorem between Cauchy powers and Cauchy fluxes is proved. As an application of this method, the construction of the stress tensor when the body is an orientable differential manifold is(More)
By means of balanced virtual powers, an axiomatic approach is developed, in the spirit of Noll, to second-gradient continua. The measure-theoretical formulation allows a considerable simplification since the existence of an edge stress density is regarded as a special case of a surface stress which is a singular measure with respect to the area. To prove(More)
We present a continuum model for the mechanical behavior of the skeletal muscle tissue when its functionality is reduced due to aging. The loss of ability of activating is typical of the geriatric syndrome called sarcopenia. The material is described by a hyperelastic, polyconvex, transverse isotropic strain energy function. The three material parameters(More)