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A large proportion of right-hemisphere stroke patients show hemispatial neglect-a neurological deficit of perception, attention, representation, and/or performing actions within their left-sided space, inducing many functional debilitating effects on everyday life, and responsible for poor functional recovery and ability to benefit from treatment. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relative frequency of occurrence of motor, perceptual, peripersonal, and personal neglect subtypes, the association of neglect and other related deficits (e.g., deficient nonlateralized attention, anosognosia), and the neuroanatomic substrates of neglect in patients with right hemisphere stroke in rehabilitation settings. METHODS(More)
Humans and monkeys share similar sensory integrated processing of tactile and peri-hand visual inputs for coding peripersonal space surrounding the hand. In monkeys, tool use is known to induce a transient elongation of hand-centred peripersonal space along the tool axis. Here we report evidence that, also in humans, the use of a tool can increase the(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of the Titchener circles illusion in perception and action. In this illusion, two identical discs can be perceived as being different in size when one is surrounded by an annulus of smaller circles and the other is surrounded by an annulus of larger circles. This classic size-contrast illusion, known as(More)
Current interpretations of extinction suggest that the disorder is due to an unbalanced competition between ipsilesional and contralesional representations of space. The question addressed in this study is whether the competition between left and right representations of space in one sensory modality (i.e., touch) can be reduced or exacerbated by the(More)
Proper motor control of our own body implies a reliable representation of body parts. This information is supposed to be stored in the Body Schema (BS), a body representation that appears separate from a more perceptual body representation, the Body Image (BI). The dissociation between BS for action and BI for perception, originally based on(More)
In this experiment, we evaluated over a longer time period the previously demonstrated effects of a short prism adaptation on hemispatial neglect. We followed two patients (PE and SA), during a period of 5 days (1 day before and 4 days after the prism adaptation procedure), repeatedly measuring their performances on a straight-ahead pointing task and a line(More)
Previous studies have shown that adaptation to rightward displacing prisms improves performance of neglect patients on visuo-manual (VM) tasks such as line cancellation, figure copying, and line bisection [Nature 395 (1998) 166]. The present study further evaluated the effect of prism adaptation (PA) on neglect symptoms by investigating: (a) the range of(More)
In this paper, we develop an animal model of prehension movements by examining the kinematics of reaching and grasping in monkeys and by comparing the results to published data on humans. Hand movements were recorded in three dimensions in monkeys who were trained to either point at visual targets under unperturbed and perturbed conditions, or to reach and(More)
OBJECTIVE The ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus (VL), based on its connectivity with the cerebellum and motor cortex, has long been considered to be involved with motor functions. We show that the human VL also plays a prominent role in sensory processing. METHODS Structural magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging were used to localize(More)