Alessandro Emanuele Caccamo

Learn More
Porcine pulmonary arterial endothelial cells accumulated myo-inositol and taurine, as well as betaine, during adaptation to hypertonic stress. The cells grew and maintained their normal morphology during culture in hypertonic (0.5 osmol (kg H(2)O)(-1)) medium that contained osmolytes such as betaine, myo-inositol or taurine at concentrations close to(More)
BACKGROUND Clusterin expression in various types of human cancers may be higher or lower than in normal tissue, and clusterin may promote or inhibit apoptosis, cell motility, and inflammation. We investigated the role of clusterin in tumor development in mouse models of neuroblastoma. METHODS We assessed expression of microRNAs in the miR-17-92 cluster by(More)
Expression of the castration-induced clusterin protein is incompatible with the survival of human prostate cancer cells in tissues and in cell culture. To investigate the fate of human prostate epithelial cells, when engineered to maintain expression of clusterin protein, we have used an IRES-hyg vector and hygromycin selection. PC-3 prostate tumour cells(More)
When porcine endothelial cells were exposed to hypertonicity, both the level of ATA2 (amino acid transporter 2) mRNA and activity of amino acid transport System A increased transiently, peaking after about 6 and 9 h, respectively. Cycloheximide, like actinomycin D, prevented both responses, showing that an earlier step also involves protein synthesis.(More)
We studied the responses to hypertonicity of cultured endothelial cells from swine pulmonary arteries. In 0.5 osmol/kgH(2)O medium, initial cell shrinkage was followed by a regulatory volume increase (RVI), complete after 1 h, concomitant with an increase in cellular K(+) content. Then the activity of amino acid transport System A increased, accompanied by(More)
In 3T3 cells temperatures higher than physiological stimulated amino acid transport activity in a dose-dependent manner up to 44 degrees C. However, the temperature increase did not induce widespread transport increase of all other nutrients tested. The activities of both amino acid transport systems A and ASC were enhanced within a few minutes following(More)
Clusterin gene expression is potently induced in experimental models in which apoptosis is activated, such as rat prostate involution following castration. Nevertheless, its precise physiological role has not yet been established, and both anti-apoptotic and pro-apoptotic functions have been suggested for this gene. Clusterin expression level depends on(More)
Clusterin, ubiquitously distributed in mammalians, was cloned and identified as the most potently induced gene during rat prostate involution following androgen deprivation. Also found to be involved in many other patho-physiological processes, its biological significance is still controversial, particularly with regard to apoptosis. We previously showed(More)
B-MYB is an oncoprotein highly expressed and frequently amplified in human neoplasia. B-MYB is more expressed in neuroblastoma patients with adverse prognostic indicators, corroborating the hypothesis that it plays an important role in this pediatric malignancy. While attempting targeting strategies for therapeutic purposes, we found that the B-MYB protein(More)