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BACKGROUND Polyamines are essential for cell growth and differentiation; compounds interfering with their metabolism are potential anticancer agents. Polyamine oxidase (PAO) plays a central role in polyamine homeostasis. The enzyme utilises an FAD cofactor to catalyse the oxidation of the secondary amino groups of spermine and spermidine. RESULTS The(More)
The three-dimensional structure of hen egg-white avidin, crystallized in a tetragonal crystal form, has been solved at 2.7 A resolution by molecular replacement methods. After refinement the crystallographic R-factor is 16.8%, for the 7255 reflections in the 10.0 to 2.7 A resolution range. The asymmetric unit contains two avidin polypeptide chains (M(r) 2 x(More)
D-amino acid oxidase is the prototype of the FAD-dependent oxidases. It catalyses the oxidation of D-amino acids to the corresponding alpha-ketoacids. The reducing equivalents are transferred to molecular oxygen with production of hydrogen peroxide. We have solved the crystal structure of the complex of D-amino acid oxidase with benzoate, a competitive(More)
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAAO) is the prototype of the flavin-containing oxidases. It catalyzes the oxidative deamination of various D-amino acids, ranging from D-Ala to D-Trp. We have carried out the X-ray analysis of reduced DAAO in complex with the reaction product imino tryptophan (iTrp) and of the covalent adduct generated by the photoinduced reaction of(More)
INTRODUCTION The complex iron-sulfur flavoprotein glutamate synthase catalyses the reductive synthesis of L-glutamate from 2-oxoglutarate and L-glutamine, a reaction in the plant and bacterial pathway for ammonia assimilation. The enzyme functions through three distinct active centers carrying out L-glutamine hydrolysis, conversion of 2-oxoglutarate into(More)
The crystal structure of the complex between bovine alpha-chymotrypsin and the leech (Hirudo medicinalis) protein proteinase inhibitor eglin c has been refined at 2.0 A resolution to a crystallographic R-factor of 0.167. The structure of the complex includes 2290 protein and 143 solvent atoms. Eglin c is bound to the cognate enzyme through interactions(More)
Cytokinins form a diverse class of compounds that are essential for plant growth. Cytokinin dehydrogenase has a major role in the control of the levels of these plant hormones by catalysing their irreversible oxidation. The crystal structure of Zea mays cytokinin dehydrogenase displays the same two-domain topology of the flavoenzymes of the vanillyl-alcohol(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the complex formed by two plasma proteins, transthyretin and retinol-binding protein, was determined from x-ray diffraction data to a nominal resolution of 3.1 angstroms. One tetramer of transthyretin was bound to two molecules of retinol-binding protein. The two retinol-binding protein molecules established molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Lignin degradation leads to the formation of a broad spectrum of aromatic molecules that can be used by various fungal micro-organisms as their sole source of carbon. When grown on phenolic compounds, Penicillium simplicissimum induces the strong impression of a flavin-containing vanillyl-alcohol oxidase (VAO). The enzyme catalyses the oxidation(More)
The use of prosthetic mesh in abdominal wall hernia surgery is a well-accepted practice. What is not settled, however, is the type of prosthesis that best suits the purpose. The narrow choice today means a prosthesis of polyester or polypropylene. These are available in many designs, configuration of weave, thickness of weave and strand, and size of pore.(More)