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PURPOSE Inconsistent reporting of outcomes in clinical trials of patients with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) hinders comparison of findings and the reliability of systematic reviews. A core outcome set (COS) can address this issue as it defines a minimum set of outcomes that should be reported in all clinical trials. In 1998, Deyo et al. recommended a(More)
BACKGROUND Physical functioning is a core outcome domain to be measured in nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP). A panel of experts recommended the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) to measure this domain. The original 24-item RMDQ and ODI 2.1a are recommended by their developers. PURPOSE The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most disabling and costly disorders affecting modern society, and approximately 90% of patients are labelled as having non-specific LBP (NSLBP). Several interventions for patients with NSLBP have been assessed in clinical trials, but heterogeneous reporting of outcomes in these trials has hindered comparison of(More)
In this paper we show how an agent programming language, based on a formal theory of actions, can be employed to implement adap-tive web applications, where a personalized dynamical site generation is guided by the user's needs. For this purpose, we have developed an on-line computer seller in DyLOG, a modal logic programming language which allows one to(More)
Recent years witnessed a rapid growth of multimedia technologies for offering information and services on the internet. One of the many problems that are to be faced in this context is the great variety of possible users and the consequent need to adapt both the presentation of information and the interaction to the specific user's characteristics. There is(More)
OBJECTIVE To retrieve, appraise, and synthesize the results of studies on the prevalence of active and latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in subjects with spinal pain disorders. DATA SOURCES The databases PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL were searched, with no date or language restrictions. Search terms included controlled and free-text terms for spinal(More)
UNLABELLED The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument used to assess pain self-efficacy in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Recently, the 2-item (PSEQ-2) and the 4-item (PSEQ-4) short versions were developed showing satisfactory measurement properties in mixed populations with chronic pain. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) may present with physical and psychological symptoms which persist long after the initial onset of pain. Several studies have shown that therapeutic exercise for motor and sensorimotor control combined with manual therapy in a multimodal rehabilitation (MMR) program is effective at improving pain(More)