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While brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) delays the death of axotomized retinal ganglion cells in rodents, it is unclear if it affects any aspect of the normal development of these cells. Here we examined the optic nerve of bdnf-/- mice. Axonal numbers were normal, but their diameter, as well as the proportion of myelinated axons, was reduced at(More)
BACKGROUND The annual fish Nothobranchius furzeri is the vertebrate with the shortest known life span in captivity. Fish of the GRZ strain live only three to four months under optimal laboratory conditions, show explosive growth, early sexual maturation and age-dependent physiological and behavioral decline, and express aging related biomarkers. Treatment(More)
Dopaminergic cells in the retina express the receptor for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (). To investigate whether BDNF can influence the development of the retinal dopaminergic pathway, we performed intraocular injections of BDNF during the second or third postnatal week and visualized the dopaminergic system with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)(More)
Aging research in vertebrates is hampered by the lack of short-lived models. Annual fishes of the genus Nothobranchius live in East African seasonal ponds. Their life expectancy in the wild is limited by the duration of the wet season and their lifespan in captivity is also short. Nothobranchius are popular aquarium fishes and many different species are(More)
The tyrosine kinase TrkB is a receptor for the neurotrophic factors brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4). Retinal ganglion cells are responsive to BDNF, and TrkB has been localized in ganglion cells as well as in a subpopulation of amacrine cells in the retina of the chicken and the rat. In the present paper, we analyzed the(More)
We analysed the distribution of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDNF) and its receptor trkB in the adult rat visual cortex, paying particular attention to a GABAergic neuronal subpopulation - the parvalbumin-positive cells. We found expression of trkB in the cell body and apical dendrite of pyramidal neurons and in the cell body of non-pyramidal(More)
Resveratrol, a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and red wine, increases longevity in the short-lived invertebrates Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila and exerts a variety of biological effects in vertebrates, including protection from ischemia and neurotoxicity. Its effects on vertebrate lifespan were not yet known. The relatively long lifespan of(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) partially promotes the survival of axotomized retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). In analogy with in vitro experiments (; ), we tested whether neuroprotection by BDNF is limited by adverse effects as a consequence of excessive free radical formation. First, we investigated whether BDNF and the free radical scavenger(More)
BACKGROUND A laboratory inbred strain of the annual fish Nothobranchius furzeri shows exceptionally short life expectancy and accelerated expression of age markers. In this study, we analyze new wild-derived lines of this short-lived species. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We characterized captive survival and age-related traits in F1 and F2 offspring of(More)
The African annual fish Nothobranchius furzeri emerged as a new model for age research over recent years. Nothobranchius furzeri show an exceptionally short lifespan, age-dependent cognitive/behavioral decline, expression of age-related biomarkers, and susceptibility to lifespan manipulation. In addition, laboratory strains differ largely in lifespan. Here,(More)