Alessandro Alonzo

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Essential hypertension is characterized by increased peripheral vascular resistance to blood flow. The endothelium is a crucial regulator of vascular tone. Its function is impaired in patients with hypertension, with reduced vasodilation, increased vascular tone associated with a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. Low-grade inflammation localized in(More)
Natriuretic peptides are endogenous antagonists of vasoconstrictor and salt- and water-retaining systems in the body's defence against blood pressure elevation and plasma volume expansion, through direct vasodilator, diuretic and natriuretic properties. In addition, natriuretic peptides may play a role in the modulation of the molecular mechanisms involved(More)
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic treatment with the direct rennin inhibitor aliskiren improves the remodelling of resistance arteries in dTGR (double-transgenic rats). dTGR (5 weeks) were treated with aliskiren (3 mg/kg of body mass per day) or ramipril (1 mg/kg of body mass per day) for 14 days and compared with age-matched(More)
Increased incidence of incidental cancer in patients operated for benign thyroid disease has been reported. We report our experience about incidental thyroid cancer (ITC) in order to better characterize this nosologic entity. Between 2001 and 2009 a total of 568 patients underwent surgery for benign thyroid disease. Patients with preoperative cytology(More)
The risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major issue after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), especially in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Preliminary data from large retrospective registries seem to show a reduction of AKI when a transradial (TR) approach for PCI is adopted. Little is known about the relation between vascular(More)
Structural alterations of subcutaneous small-resistance arteries are associated with a worse clinical prognosis in hypertension and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The effects of the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren on microvascular structure were never previously evaluated. Therefore, we investigated the effects of aliskiren in comparison with(More)
Myocardial bridging (MB) and a long recurrent wraparound left anterior descending artery (wrap-LAD) are coronary anatomic variants that have been recently suggested to be associated with takotsubo syndrome (TS). Until now, coronary artery tortuosity (CAT) has never been investigated in this setting. Our study sought to evaluate the prevalence of the(More)
The authors of this article describe two cases of post-traumatic pneumomediastinum, without pneumothorax and oesophageal or bronchial mucosal lesions. Both cases had a benign evolution. General considerations are discussed and the authors concluded that when pneumomediastinum is not associated with lesions of mediastinical organs no surgical treatment is(More)
OBJECTIVES Periprocedural bleedings, often related to vascular access site, represent an important drawback of percutaneous coronary procedures and are associated with worse outcomes. Radial access (RA) and, potentially, femoral access (FA) with vascular closure device (VCD) are useful strategies in order to mitigate periprocedural bleedings; nevertheless,(More)