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BACKGROUND The diagnostic and prognostic assessment of newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) comprises, among other tools, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. OBJECTIVE To compare the ability of DWI and ADC maps in newborns with HIE to predict the neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of(More)
Nearly half of very preterm (VP) and extremely preterm (EP) infants suffers from minor disabilities. The paper overviews the literature dealing with motor problems other than cerebral palsy (CP) during infancy and preschool age. The term "minor motor problems" indicates a wide spectrum of motor disorders other than CP; "minor" does not mean "minimal", as a(More)
BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) refers to a monophasic acute multifocal inflammatory CNS disease. However, both relapsing and site-restricted variants, possibly associated with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement, are also observed, and a systematic classification is lacking. OBJECTIVE To describe a cohort of postinfectious(More)
OBJECTIVE To correlate the site and severity of brain lesions seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the quality of general movements in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and compare the prognostic value of general movements and MRI for motor outcome. STUDY DESIGN Early brain MRI scans in 34 term infants with HIE not treated(More)
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has been described in several cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS). In the majority of these, lumbar puncture followed by intravenous corticosteroid treatment was suspected as the cause. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of a patient with a multifocal clinically isolated syndrome suggestive(More)
Hemangioendothelioma (HE) is a rare vascular tumor of endothelial cell origin that usually involves long bone or soft tissue. However, there are cases of head and neck involvement. In the literature, only 19 cases of nasal involvement are described. We report a case of an 18-month-old child who had HE of the ethmoid sinus. Endoscopic resection of the tumor(More)
Wernicke’s encephalopathy is an acute neurological disorder resulting from thiamine deficiency mainly related to alcohol abuse. Severe thiamine deficiency is an emerging problem in non-alcoholic patients and it may develop in postoperative surgical patients with risk factors. We reported a case of a 46 years old woman who underwent, one year before, to(More)
We report on clinical and instrumental findings of a multiple sclerosis (MS) patient with sudden right trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed at TN onset, showed enlargement of both trigeminal nerves (TrN) at the root entry zone, with gadolinium enhancement of the cisternal portion. This is the first description of clinical(More)
In hemimegalencephaly, MR imaging often reveals mid-sagittal band-like structures between the lateral ventricles. We describe the clinical presentation, morphologic abnormalities, conventional MR imaging, diffusion tensor MR and fiber tract (FT) reconstruction in a 14-year-old boy with unilateral hemimegalencephaly. We retrospectively examined MR images to(More)