Alessandra Spirito

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The effects of d-cystathionine ketimine (D-CK) and l-cystathionine ketimine (L-CK) on the stimulus-induced superoxide generation by human neutrophils were compared. When the cells were preincubated with D-CK, the superoxide generation induced by arachidonic acid (AA), phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)(More)
Acamprosate (calcium acetylhomotaurinate) is a GABA derivative that prevents drinking relapses in a significant number of alcoholics. Since little is known about the interaction of acamprosate with other addictive drugs, we studied the effects of this agent (as sodium salt) in two groups of rats trained to discriminate, respectively, morphine (1.7 mg(More)
Singlet oxygen (1O2), generated by irradiating methylene blue, is toxic to melanoma cell cultures. Hypotaurine is known to scavenge efficiently singlet oxygen; the addition of hypotaurine (800 microM) to the medium during irradiation of the dye produces a greater protective effect on cells than taurine added at the same concentration. The assay of some(More)
The TRH analogue 3, incorporating the (S)-isothiazolidine-1,1-dioxide-3-carboxylic acid (1) moiety in place of the native L-pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) residue, has been synthesized and fully characterized by 1H and 13C NMR. The effects of replacing pGlu with its sulphonamido counterpart on biological activity have been investigated. This peptide, which is(More)
Significant exposure to hydrogen sulfide may occur in workers at sulphureous thermal baths. Work-related exposure to hydrogen sulfide may be shown by measuring sulfhemoglobin (S-Hb) blood levels. In this study we measured S-Hb blood levels in two groups of workers at two different thermal baths and compared these with hydrogen sulfide concentrations in the(More)
By using the chain to chain mode of cyclization the title glutathione analogue (4), containing the 11-membered disulfide ring replacing the native -Cys-Gly fragment, has been synthesized and characterized together with its reduced dithiol form gamma-Glu-Cys-Asp-Cys (5). The activity of (4) with gamma-glutamyl-transferase and glutathione reductase has been(More)
The two novel diastereoisomeric glutathione analogues 1 and 2 have been designed and synthesized by replacing the native gamma-glutamylic moiety with the conformational rigid skeleton of cis- or trans-4-carboxy-L-proline residue. Both analogues have been obtained by following the solution phase peptide chemistry methodologies and final reduction of the(More)