Alessandra Soares-Schanoski

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Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cell (TREM) proteins are a family of cell surface receptors that participate in diverse cellular processes such as inflammation, coagulation, and bone homeostasis. TREM-1, in particular, is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes and is a potent amplifier of inflammatory responses. LPS and other microbial products(More)
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) groups different cardiac diseases whose development is associated with inflammation. Here we have analyzed the levels of inflammatory cytokines and of members of the TLR/IRAK pathway including IRAK-M in monocytes from ACS patients classified as either UA (unstable angina), STEMI (ST-elevation myocardial infarction) or NSTEMI(More)
Homotypic interactions of death domains (DD) mediate complex formation between MyD88 and IL-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs). A truncated splice variant of MyD88, MyD88s, cannot recruit IRAK-4 and fails to elicit inflammatory responses. We have generated recombinant DD of MyD88 and IRAK-4, both alone and extended by the linkers to TIR or kinase(More)
Osteoclasts are large, multinucleated cells, which originate from the fusion of macrophages. They play a central role in bone development and remodeling via the resorption of bone and are thus important mediators of bone loss, which leads to osteoporosis. IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)-M is a pseudokinase, which acts as a negative modulator of innate immune(More)
In contrast to the thoroughly characterized mechanisms of positive regulation within cytokine signaling pathways, our knowledge of negative feedback loops is comparatively sparse. We and others have previously reported that IRAK-M down-regulates inflammatory responses to multiple stimuli. In particular, we could show that the nitric oxide (NO) donor, GSNO,(More)
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited pleiotropic disease that results from abnormalities in the gene that codes for the chloride channel, Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR). CF patients are frequently colonized by several pathogens, but the mechanisms that allow colonization in spite of apparently functional immune systems are(More)
Monocyte exposure to tumor cells induces a transient state in which these cells are refractory to further exposure to cancer. This phenomenon, termed "tumor tolerance", is characterized by a decreased production of proinflammatory cytokines in response to tumors. In the past, we found that this effect comprises IRAK-M up regulation and TLR4 and CD44(More)
Although the complex and multifactorial process of tumour growth has been extensively studied for decades, our understanding of the fundamental relationship between tumour growth dynamics and genetic expression profile remains incomplete. Recent studies of tumour dynamics indicate that gene expression in solid tumours would depend on the distance from the(More)
The MMPs constitute a family of endopeptidases that can cleavage extracellular proteins. They are involved in a number of events; some of these include inflammatory processes. One of its targets is the TREM-1, which has emerged as an important modulator of innate immune responses in mammals. This transmembrane glycoprotein possesses an Ig-like ectodomain(More)
The mechanisms underlying mesenchymal stem cells' (MSC) suppressive potency are largely unknown. We here show that highly suppressive human adipose tissue-derived MSC (AdMSC) display and induce a differential immunologic profile, upon ongoing AdMSC suppressive activity, promoting: (i) early correlated inhibition of IFN-γ and TNF-α production, along IL-10(More)
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