Alessandra Simonetti

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PURPOSE To evaluate the water diffusivity of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex compared with that in control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Diffusion and conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations were performed in 18 patients with clinically established tuberous sclerosis complex (10 male and(More)
BACKGROUND Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a key transcription factor that regulates both innate and adaptive immunity as well as ectodermal development. Mutations in the coding region of the IkappaB kinase gamma/NF-kappaB essential modifier (NEMO) gene cause X-linked ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency. OBJECTIVE To determine the genetic(More)
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been shown to be highly sensitive in detecting acute cerebral infarction, but its use in detecting hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in neonates is still controversial. Moreover, few reports concern pre-term infants with possible periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). We examined the ability of this technique to detect(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional MRI (3D-MRI) is a reliable tool for the evaluation of anatomical volumes. Volumetric measurement of the normal anterior pituitary gland in childhood has been performed in the past by 2D-MRI calculations, but has inherent inaccuracies. OBJECTIVE To obtain accurate normal anterior pituitary gland volume in childhood using 3D-MRI(More)
PURPOSE The development, analysis, and first clinical use of a novel eye drop formulation of plasminogen and hyaluronate sodium for the treatment of a patient with ligneous conjunctivitis (LC) are described. SUMMARY LC is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the eye that can in rare cases lead to corneal involvement and subsequent blindness. Topically(More)
BACKGROUND Differential diagnosis between sepsis and non-infectious inflammatory disorders demands improved biomarkers. Soluble Triggering Receptor Expression on Myeloid cells (sTREM-1) is an activating receptor whose role has been studied throughout the last decade. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the accuracy of plasma sTREM-1 levels in the(More)
Many adults and children with an underlying immunodeficiency can frequently present to ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeons. This work deals with the presentation, investigation and management of immuno-compromised children in ENT practise. Both primary immunodeficiencies (PID) and secondary or acquired immunodeficiencies such as human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) provides a curative therapy for severe forms of primary immunodeficiencies (PID). While the timing and extent of T-cell reconstitution following transplant for PID has been studied in depth, less is known about the kinetics of B-cell development and long-term restoration of humoral functions, which been often(More)
BACKGROUND A number of biomarkers have been studied for the diagnosis of sepsis in paediatrics, but no gold standard has been identified. Procalcitonin (PCT) was demonstrated to be an accurate biomarker for the diagnosis of sepsis in adults and showed to be promising in paediatrics. Our study reviewed the diagnostic accuracy of PCT as an early biomarker of(More)
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