Alessandra Silvani

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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cancer cells with high clonogenic capacity and ability to reform parental tumors upon transplantation. Resistance to therapy has been shown for several types of CSC and, therefore, they have been proposed as the cause of tumor relapse. Consequently, much effort has been made to design molecules that can target(More)
We present here spirocyclic lactam derivatives, embodying D-Phe and L-Ala amino acids as the central core and acting as tetrapeptide and hexapeptide mimetics. An efficient route for their synthesis is demonstrated by using the strategic combination of Seebach's self-reproduction of chirality chemistry and the Pictet-Spengler condensation as key steps. The(More)
Herein we report on the multicomponent synthesis of a novel imidazole-based compound, able to act efficiently as a minimalist β-strand mimic. Biological evaluation proved its ability to impair the LDLR-PCSK9 protein-protein interaction, disclosing it as the first small molecule exerting a PCSK9-mediated hypocholesterolemic effect.
New pyrroloisoquinoline-based tetrapeptides were synthesized in enantiomerically pure form, and their conformational features were studied by NMR, IR, and molecular-modeling techniques. The presence of a reverse turn was observed in both structures, with the C1 stereochemistry playing a central role in determining stable conformations. In particular, all of(More)
The synthesis of a novel Phe-Ala dipeptide mimic, built up on a diazaspirocyclic lactam core, is presented. This new scaffold was evaluated for conformational mimicry of reverse turn by combining molecular modeling, IR, NMR, and X-ray diffraction experiments. All these tools agree on the presence of a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond, thus demonstrating(More)
Kinetic resolution of N-Boc-piperidine-2-ethanol (2), a case of remote stereocenter discrimination, was accomplished by sequential transesterification mediated by two enzymes, Lipase PS and porcine pancreatic lipase, showing opposite enantioselectivity. The gram-scale availability of the two enantiomeric N-Boc alcohols 2a (R) and 2c (S) enlarges their(More)
A series of novel hybrid compounds obtained by the attachment of anhydrovinblastine, vinorelbine, and vindoline to thiocolchicine, podophyllotoxin, and baccatin III are described. Two types of diacyl spacers are introduced. The influence of the hybrid compounds on tubulin polymerization is reported. The results highlight the importance of the length of the(More)
N-[2-Methyl-5-(triazol-1-yl)phenyl]pyrimidin-2-amine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their potential use as inhibitors of Bcr-Abl. The design is based on the bioisosterism between the 1,2,3-triazole ring and the amide group. The synthesis involves a copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) as the key step, with the(More)
A dynamic combinatorial library of thiocolchicine-podophyllotoxin derivatives based on the disulfide bond exchange reaction is described. The influence of a biological target on the composition of the reaction mixture has been demonstrated. Use of high-resolution ESI mass spectrometry to evaluate the composition of the mixture shows promise for the design(More)
This paper reports the synthesis of a series of evodiamine derivatives. We assayed the ability to inhibit cell growth on three human tumour cell lines (H460, MCF-7 and HepG2) and we evaluated the capacity to interfere with the catalytic activity of topoisomerase I both by the relaxation assay and the occurrence of the cleavable complex. Moreover, whose(More)