Alessandra Rustighi

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The HMGA2 protein belongs to the HMGA family of architectural transcription factors, which play an important role in chromatin organization. HMGA proteins are overexpressed in several experimental and human tumors and have been implicated in the process of neoplastic transformation. Hmga2 knockout results in the pygmy phenotype in mice and in a decreased(More)
The homeodomain-containing protein Hex (also named Prh) is expressed in primitive endoderm (during the early phases of development), in some endoderm-derived tissues and in endothelial and hematopoietic precursors. Hex expression is exting-uished during terminal differentiation of endothelial and hematopoietic cells as well as in adult lung. Previous(More)
HMGA1 is an architectural transcription factor expressed at high levels in transformed cells and tumors. Several lines of evidence indicate that HMGA1 up-regulation is involved in the malignant transformation of thyroid epithelial cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the effect of HMGA1 on thyroid cancer cell phenotype are not fully understood. We now(More)
High Mobility Group A (HMGA) is a family of architectural nuclear factors which play an important role in neoplastic transformation. HMGA proteins are multifunctional factors that associate both with DNA and nuclear proteins that have been involved in several nuclear processes including transcription. HMGA localization is exclusively nuclear but, to date,(More)
Mammary epithelial stem cells are fundamental to maintain tissue integrity. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are implicated in both treatment resistance and disease relapse, and the molecular bases of their malignant properties are still poorly understood. Here we show that both normal stem cells and CSCs of the breast are controlled by the prolyl-isomerase Pin1.(More)
The expression of nuclear proteins high mohility group (HMG) I and HMGY was investigated in intraepithelial and invasive lesions of the uterine cervix. Human carcinoma cell lines <-41, MK-ISO.and CaSki were used for testing protein expression in neoplastic cells from the cervix. Morphological grading of the dysplasias (CIN 1, CIN 2, and CIN 3) and invasive(More)
Ectrodactyly, or Split-Hand/Foot Malformation (SHFM), is a congenital condition characterized by the loss of central rays of hands and feet. The p63 and the DLX5;DLX6 transcription factors, expressed in the embryonic limb buds and ectoderm, are disease genes for these conditions. Mutations of p63 also cause the ectodermal dysplasia-ectrodactyly-cleft(More)
Reversible proline-directed phosphorylation at Ser/Thr-Pro motifs has an essential role in myogenesis, a multistep process strictly regulated by several signaling pathways that impinge on two families of myogenic effectors, the basic helix-loop-helix myogenic transcription factors and the MEF2 (myocyte enhancer factor 2) proteins. The question of how these(More)
It has been shown that the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) is up-regulated in tumor-associated endothelial cells as well as in the sera of patients affected by both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. We now report that sera of p53(-/-) mice contain higher levels of OPG with respect to p53(+/+) mice and that endothelial cells, in which p53 was(More)
AIM Diabetes is a major driver of cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Prolyl-isomerase Pin1 recognizes specific peptide bonds and modulates function of proteins altering cellular homoeostasis. The present study investigates Pin1 role in diabetes-induced vascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS In human aortic endothelial(More)