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Signalling through Notch receptors requires ligand-induced cleavage to release the intracellular domain, which acts as a transcriptional activator in the nucleus. Deregulated Notch1 signalling has been implicated in mammary tumorigenesis; however the mechanisms underlying Notch activation in breast cancer remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the(More)
The structural characteristics of the three nuclear phosphoproteins of the high mobility group A family are outlined and related to their participation in chromatin structure alteration in many biological processes such as gene expression, neoplastic transformation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The elevated expression of these proteins in tumor cells and(More)
HMGA1 is an architectural transcription factor expressed at high levels in transformed cells and tumors. Several lines of evidence indicate that HMGA1 up-regulation is involved in the malignant transformation of thyroid epithelial cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the effect of HMGA1 on thyroid cancer cell phenotype are not fully understood. We now(More)
HMGA2 is an architectural nuclear factor which plays an important role in development and tumorigenesis, but mechanisms regulating its expression are largely unknown. The proximal promoters of the mouse and human genes coding for HMGA2 contain a conserved polypyrimidine/polypurine (ppyr/ppur) element which constitutes a multiple binding site for Sp1 and Sp3(More)
The expression of nuclear proteins high mobility group (HMG) I and HMGY was investigated in intraepithelial and invasive lesions of the uterine cervix. Human carcinoma cell lines C-41, ME-180, and CaSki were used for testing protein expression in neoplastic cells from the cervix. Morphological grading of the dysplasias (CIN 1, CIN 2, and CIN 3) and invasive(More)
High Mobility Group A (HMGA) is a family of architectural nuclear factors which play an important role in neoplastic transformation. HMGA proteins are multifunctional factors that associate both with DNA and nuclear proteins that have been involved in several nuclear processes including transcription. HMGA localization is exclusively nuclear but, to date,(More)
Proline-rich homeobox (Prh) is a novel human homeobox-containing gene recently isolated from the CD34+ cell line KG-1A, and whose expression appears mainly restricted to hematopoietic tissues. To define the pattern of Prh expression within the human hematopoietic system, we have analyzed its constitutive expression in purified cells obtained from normal(More)
High mobility group I proteins (HMGI, HMGY and HMGI-C) are a family of low molecular mass non-histone nuclear proteins which constitute an important component of the active chromatin structure. Two members of this family, HMGI and HMGY, have been demonstrated to contribute to the transcriptional regulation of several promoters by interacting with the DNA(More)
The HMGA2 protein belongs to the HMGA family of architectural transcription factors, which play an important role in chromatin organization. HMGA proteins are overexpressed in several experimental and human tumors and have been implicated in the process of neoplastic transformation. Hmga2 knockout results in the pygmy phenotype in mice and in a decreased(More)
The HMGI-C protein is a nuclear factor expressed in human and rodent neoplastic cells which has been shown to be involved in the process of cell transformation. We have previously isolated the cDNA encoding murine HMGI-C and now we report the cloning and analysis of the mouse Hmgi-c gene. The gene is at least 50 kb long, contains five exons, and each of the(More)